THE MYSTERY OF THE RAMAYANA [ SCHEDULE 1 ] - PART (1) .
PREFACE : The Ramayana is one among the Greatest Epics ever written in the History of mankind. The other Epic " Mahabharata " being the longest ever written Epic in the entire world . The Ramayana was originally written by Sage Valmiki . Later the Ramayana was given multiple newer version which includes the famous Tulsi Das version of the Ramayana . People of other faiths have always stated that the Ramayana is a completely fictitious imagination of the Human mind and has no historical evidence to the story itself .
For the Hindus of India and Worldwide , The Ramayana is not just a True and Original account of Lord Rama's expedition against the evil Ravana , who had abducted his wife Sita , but is also a divine and sacred scripture . It is absolutely rare to find that people around this globe are not aware about the Ramayana . The story's influence can be found all around South East Asia . Not just in Sri Lanka , but almost every country in South East Asia upto Japan , the Ramayana's great influence can be even today experienced in their cultural ethos as well as traditional flavour of historicity .
Being born to a Hindu religious and God loving family , meant I did not require a formal training to understand the basic biology of the framework of the Ramayana story . Even a 5 Year old Hindu kid , can very easily identify most of the characters of the Ramayana . By the age 7 , half of the Hindu kids in this country can almost give accurate account of the story of the Ramayana , as if , The Soil of this Sacred Country by its food resources , send some kind of DNA material into the blood vessels of the Hindu kids to automatically learn this story .
This whole mystery is about my own Faith in the Story of the Ramayana , that Rama did exist and that this story is an original account with absolute historical evidence , that no matter , who ever says , that the Ramayana is a fabricated story , There is absolute archaeological evidence that Ramayana is not a figment of the Human mind , but an original and true account , which has been over glorified in certain passages and verses to give it a divine and spiritual outlook by the ancient author of the text.
As a student of the Vedas and as a lover for Truth and Scientific evidence , I do apologize in advance , if this Research Work by highly respectable Historians , Archaeologists , Scholars whose research papers and books I am using , lands up offending you , but certain things , which you will find , might not go in accordance to the years of brain washing , which religious zealots have used to make our minds , not to question . As a Student of the Vedas , I find myself absolutely elated to state , that in this mystery , I will put forward , all the evidences that Prove that the Story of The Ramayana is an actual Historical Account and not a figment of imagination of the Human Mind .
I Bow to Mother of Tantra for having made me see this truth in my lifetime .Let us begin on a very long journey , as this mystery is a massive BIG ONE !!!
THE MYSTERY OF THE RAMAYANA [ SCHEDULE 1 ] - PART (2) .
This mystery is a long one , as I wanted to take note of all the research papers which I have used , and the various different historical evidences , which different scholars and researchers have put forth in their own research papers . Some researcher highlighted , a particular point , the other scholar highlighted another point . I am providing a complete cocktail version of all the Papers used . Let us now proceed .
Lanka-Larsa, Elam, Ayodhya, Rama, Ravan, Rama Setu and Ramayana:
Several years ago, India experienced huge controversy along religious lines regarding the birth place of Rama at Ayodhya followed by the issue of the “Rama Setu”. Rama setu is a landmark that was used to be called Adam’s bridge in southernmost tip of India. This land mark is a chain of limestone shoals, between Rameshwarm Island and Mannar Island, off the northwestern coast of Sri Lanka. To devotees of Rama, a Hindu God, this bridge is thought to be built by Rama during his conquest of Lanka against Ravan.
Considering the technology involved in building a bridge in an ocean to Sri-Lanka over 5000 years ago, this could not have been possible without some divine intervention that Rama can provide being himself a reincarnation of the God. This is the part of the story of Epic Ramayana.Sri-Lanka itself was renamed from Ceylon and it meant in Sanskrit “Respected Island”. During modern times, Indians and native have called the island “Lanka” meaning an Island in an Austro-Asiatic language, but specifically, it meant islet in the river and not the island in the ocean. Similarly, Maldives island is to be called Ahi-Lanka (our island), as it has many Tamil origin inhabitants. This reference comes from sangam literature, oldest Tamil texts of India often overlooked by North Indian historians as a valuable source of ancient history. A 4th-century Roman historian Ammianus Marcellinus called the island “Serandivis” and the 6th-century Greek sailor Cosmas Indicopleustes called the island “Sielen Diva”. It was also called Eela and Eelavar that are etymologically related to Eelam or Elam. The stem Eela is found in Prakrit inscriptions dated to 2nd century BCE in Sri Lanka in term such as Eela-Barata or in Sanskrit Eela-Bharata and Eela-Naga, proper names signifying the land of Austro-Asiatic of past history prior to the arrival of Elamite. The meaning of Eela in one of these inscriptions is unknown although one could deduce that they are either from Eela a geographic location or were an ethnic group known as Eela. The English name Ceylon and a host of other related names all most likely trace their roots back to Eelam. Other names used in English Eezham, Ilam or Izham in English. The Indian conqueror Vijaya named the island Tamraparni ("copper-colored leaf"),a name which was adopted into Pali as Tambaparni. The accounts of Alexander the Great's officers and others like 4th-century BCE Greek geographer Megasthenes, based on information they obtained from Greek and Sri Lankan travelers, called Sri Lanka “Taprobane”, generally regarded as a transliteration of Tamraparni. In the 16th century CE, Traprobana (Sri Lanka) is mentioned in the first strophe of the Portuguese national epic poem Os. There were other names given to the island as a takeoff from the ruler.What is significant that the original prehistoric name was derivative of Elam and it was meant to be an islet off the river, like Mesopotamia? It should pose no surprise that when state of Larsa fell that was like an islet similar to many marshes floating around in river of Euphrates near Gulf. When Larsa fell and the first cracks of Elamite Empire appear, the one batch of refugees may have fled through ocean routes and some settled in Maldives and present Sri-Lanka where they encountered aborigine Austro-Asiatic people.
THE MYSTERY OF THE RAMAYANA [ SCHEDULE 1 ] - PART (3) .
Being born to Hindu parents , meant that there would always be a copy of the Ramayana at home. My interest to read the Ramayana grew only after seeing the TV Series " Ramayan " which was aired on Doordarshan every Sunday at 9 A.M . This TV series was produced by Ramanand Sagar . The Shooting had begun in 1986 , but the first episode was aired on TV on 25th January ,1987 with the final episode which was aired on TV being 31 July ,1988 . A total of 78 Episodes . Those days , not everybody owned a TV . Those were more of Murphy radio days.
When the TV series started , we did not have a TV at home. I remember , we had a Murphy radio only . Being a young kid , when I saw our neighbour's house being flocked by visitors , I also wanted to know , Why were so many people flocking at their house ? They had a TV and all these people had arrived to watch the premiere of the Ramayana on that Sunday . I had simply no room , so I stood there by the doorway to watch the TV. It was a Black and White TV our neighbour owned.
My father came searching for me , only to find me standing at the doorway of the neighbour's house . He inquired me " What is it ? Why are you unnecessarily disturbing other people ? " . I replied " Some God is coming on TV , all people have come to see . I also wanted to see him " . AT 5 Years of age , My father possibly did not know , How to react to me but my mother always gifted me a diary and told me , to write my day's experience into it , so that when I grow up , I should never forget , who I was and not who I have become . That diary has never allowed me to forget this episode .
My Father pulled me away from the doorway and said " Ask your mother to dress you up ? We will buy a TV " and I was like " TODAY ITSELF !!! " , I looked back at my neighbour uncle's house and wondered to myself " WOW , this God is so amazing . How did he know , I wanted a TV at Home ? And he immediately asked my dad to buy a TV , that too , today itself ? " HE IS SUCH A GOOD GOD " I wondered with a smile as if I never had ever before .
My dad took out his Moped . I am not sure, how many of you have ever seen a Moped . It was kind of half Bicycle , Half Bike that runs on petrol though . My father did have a Bajaj scooter , but a fatal accident when I was 2 years old , crashed the whole thing into a soup . So when he got back to be able to ride , he bought that Moped , brown in colour with yellow stripes.
Remember , It was a Sunday, Shops used to remain closed on Sundays in Ghy those days and almost all shops withstanding other than the Pan shops and the Weekly Bazar . I knew a couple of outlets in Bamunimaidan ( neighbourhood outlets ) where they used to sell TV's , Radios and other electronic equipment like the Casio Calculator being habituated to see them , to and fro from school . Those days even having a Calculator or a Japanese Casio watch, was a luxury. All shops closed . Then he took me . what seemed like " Where is he going , Mom will be worried its already past lunch time ? " . I remember the last outlet , he took me to , it still exists and is still known as " Bharali Brothers " in Paltan Bazar . Shop closed .
We came back without the TV , but with a promise by my Father that " Tomorrow , I will buy you your TV " . I did feel a little sad , but it seemed , more than me , My Dad was . Early next morning , my father had left the house , even before I woke up . I asked my mother , " Where is Dad ? " . My mother did not tell me , where , but only smiled and replied " You have school , get ready " .
In the afternoon , when I came back home from school , I was like " Is this ours ??? " . My mom said " Yes " . " Can we watch God now ? " I asked . My mother replied " GOD COMES ONLY ON SUNDAYS " . I wondered " Wow , Gods are so busy people , ofcourse they have to travel so many countries , so God comes to India only on Sundays " .I waited for the very next Sunday , as If I was going to die !!!
I was pretty sure , RAMA had arrived into my life . And this evening , when I take you into the deeper parts of this mystery , I had to let you know , Why I spent so many years , researching the Ramayana . I did not want to die , without knowing the God of my childhood days .
THE MYSTERY OF THE RAMAYANA [ SCHEDULE 1 ] - PART (4) .
We continue with our " Mystery of the Ramayana " from where we left yesterday in PART (3) . As I already shared , why I made up my mind as a child to Find Out the Truth about the Ramayana , we more towards more research work on this mystery.
As far as Ayodhya is concerned, where once a Mosque stood, there could be have been once a Hindu temple of unknown deity that may have been demolished by Iconoclast Muslim invaders during Midvale age. The folklores on the sites cannot be easily dismissed, as the practice of temple and church burning practice was and is very common with the militant Islam as exhibited in Iraq by ISIS. They will not even spare their own brother in arms Shia Muslims. Although, these practices are forbidden in Islam, the militants do not care and for them it is not a religious issue but a political issue. This is a political Islam that is against all other religions of the world.
The history teaches us that the motive behind the desecration of religious places of others was designed to deliver a psychological blow to their enemies in the hope that they would lose the will to fight and surrender realizing that they lost their power with the loss of their God. This was a common practice in the ancient world among various civilizations. It worked particularly well in the past when the people believed that the kings were dietified and considered them as sons or governors of the Gods to rule the mankind and once the idol or worshipping place of their God is destroyed, the king lost the power and the protection from the god.
This ancient practice is no longer valid in modern world and will not earn any dime of success to anyone who practices that. The militant Islam will come to the terms with this reality as the whole world turns against them. The possession of these evil thoughts in modern world holds no currency. The followers of Hindu religion cannot be faulted for assuming that such acts may have applied to the site of Ayodhya. Somehow, the dispute of temple vs. Mosque turned in to existence of the birth place of Rama and that undoubtedly assumed the larger dimension than the structure involved and it was fed by the politicians of all factions as raw meats to zoo animals. As a rectification, the Hindus of India demanded the justice for restoration of Hindu temple that was thought to have existed in the place of a Mosque at Ayodhya. Once it became a political foot ball, it needed to be punted and the burden of the investigation fell on the Archeological Survey of India for some kind of resolution to freeze the dispute. Although, the history teaches us to correct one historical wrong, one has to be careful of not committing another historical wrong to the people who probably had nothing to do with what happened centuries earlier.
As per the investigation led by Archeological survey of India, they submitted the report to the Government and to the supreme law making body and found no “smoking gun” that proved the allegation that the site has archeological basis of being Ayodhya-Ram Janambhumi (Rama’s birth place) probably due to lack of archeological or forensic evidence. If there were that could have been removed centuries ago during the demolition of the temple and reconstruction of the mosque. The basics issue as to if there was a Hindu temple of worship was cleverly skirted based on the political consideration. There were no proofs that can be legally validated through forensic archeology other than folklores.
In post partition reality, India through their leaders choose the secular constitution for the purpose of accommodating the rights of all minorities and remove the religion as a basis of separatism and building national identity. However, as follow-ups to those ideals, no further progress has been made to forge a common national identity. The religion of Islam is more political and will remain so due to their adherent of sharia laws that does not fit into the modern world. In spite of this bitter memories of desecration of Hindu’s holiest places , new generation of Indians who are born in an Independent india always wonder why freedom fighters of India’s congress party choose an option of secularism than the option offered by the British while partitioning the country along religious lines. One possible reason can be that British wanted to divide the subcontinents who shared a common Hindu past. “Divide and Rule” was the theme of Colonial power of post WWII. Other reason can be British had witnessed the subjugation of Hindu majority under tyranny of Sunni Aurungzeb’s Mughals and they wanted to avoid the repetition in India as a favor to Hindu. Looking at the events unfolding in Iraq and Syria, it looks more like a wrong choice for India and many Indians wonder if they would be better off as a Republic of Hindustan as a more secured country?
The congress’s governance and performance in a secular India was far worst. The country had to fight three wars with hostile neighbor and solution is still not in sight. The British were in hurry to leave India and Indian leaders did not exercise wise choices and options.
THE MYSTERY OF THE RAMAYANA [ SCHEDULE 1 ] - PART (5) .
The Geographical partition that followed that was based on the religion. Even for Pakistan it was not workable as proven by the rise of Bangladesh and Jinnah did not need to be obliged by the British. The bitter contest between the two religious communities of India regarding “Ram Janambhumi” (Ayodhya) and Rama Setu (Rama’s bridge) have their origin in bitter memories of the partition. We find a similar situation elsewhere in the world created by Colonial powers more to safeguard their own Geopolitical interest than the interest of their colonial subjects. The desecration of Hindu, Jain and other non-Muslim religion of India were widespread during Islamic rule in India and ensuing bitterness of those old memories is still there and Indian Muslims are not sensitive enough to that ugly history of the invaders. It is a soul searching question for all Indians since the Hindu and other minorities suffered significant indignities and forced conversion in the past from invaders to what extent the efforts should be made by Muslim community to assuage the feeling of the people who endured the injustice by Muslims invaders of India. The Germans made a significant stride in compensating the Jewish victims during Nazi Germany’s atrocities. Can Indian Muslims show that level of repent? So far, the acts of terrorisms committed by Jihadists are not condemned by moderate Muslim communities of India.
If there was any archeological treasure that was to be discovered is now destroyed due to various invasions. It is clear from the evidence that the Indian archeology with exception of Indus saraswati civilization goes back to only 3rd or 4th century BC. When you go to Pakistan Afghanistan and Iran, you can find archeology going back to 6th through 8th century BC. When you further west to Mesopotamia including western Iran, we find archeology going back to 3000 BC to 10,000 BC. It is unlikely that the site of Ayodhya in India was the birth place of historical Rama; however, a Hindu temple could have been there where mosque was built going back to middle age or 11th century AD. The search for Rama’s birthplace and his epics takes us to the land of ancient Mesopotamia that interacted well with the ancient Indus-saraswati civilization. The archeological aspect of this paper is complex in understanding and is no way intended to offend the feeling of believers and it is certainly not designed to solve the religious aspects of the controversy of Babri mosque. The archeological aspects of the existence of Rama in the past history of the world must be examined with recent discoveries of clay tablets in cuneiform in ancient Mesopotamia where one of Fertile Crescent civilization once existed to examine if some relevancy exists to the historicity of Ramayana. The author is absolutely sure that there are other view points than that is presented here. The western world always thought that the Homer’s epic was a poetic imagination but later discovery of the ancient city of Troy in Turkey proved that the historicity of the characters are real and the city of Troy was once a reality.
Similarly, the historicity of Ramayana and Mahabharata are real but where they occurred in absence of the archeology remains an open question. Several authors, Archeologist and Assyrilogists have suggested that Ramayana’s Rama was the Rim-sin 1 of Larsa who became the lord of entire Mesopotamia, Iran and Indus valley civilization. This work further reinforces that conclusion absence of various mythologies described in Ramayana. As more clay tablets are analyzed, more information will be available to compare and if necessary to revise the conclusions.
In my next Post we will try to understand , what " Archeological Survey of India " has to say , about this whole confusion of Ayodhya , being the JanmaBhoomi of Rama and more .
THE MYSTERY OF THE RAMAYANA [ SCHEDULE 1 ] - PART (6) .
The Babri Masjid ( Mosque ) demolition is cited by the Muslims of India and Muslims worldwide as a complete Hateful act by the Hindus . Having said that , I am sharing the 3rd Image which the Archaeological Society of India , submitted to the Government and the Supreme Court as an evidence to Prove that the Babri Masjid ( Mosque ) was built on Top of an ancient Hindu temple . However , the Archaeological Society of India , is unsure , which Deity was prayed in this Temple. They are not sure , whether this temple belonged to Rama . And I can vouch , why they are unsure . Because , The Secret is in the Ramayana itself and this is the mystery , we are trying to crack . Let us continue from where we left in PART (5) .
Archeological Survey of India:
Dr Joshi is the former director general of the Archaeological Survey of India and Dr Rao was a former deputy superintending archaeologist with the ASI. Both were given the task of verifying the claims of rival communities regarding the disputed site of Ayodhya. Subsequently, they released their own findings after some archeological excavation at a disputed site where Babri Mosque stood, in and around the old city of Ayodhya near Banawali- Hissar district of State of Haryana. Their findings were published in on line journal at Rediff.com and in other Indian News media. Their archeological interpretation based on the excavation and other resources that are reproduced here: Dr Rao stated that “he has identified 'Rama Sana' of Indus seals with 'Ramachandra' of Ramayana thus confirming the existence and historicity of Rama. He further identified him as the same person as the king of summer, Akkad, Elam and Babylonia as ‘Rim Sin-I’ of Larsa”.
Several other Assyrilogists and biblical scholars have arrived at the same conclusions independently without the use of Indus seal. The Indus Seal however remains speculative in nature, as there are no agreements among experts on decipherment. Dr. Rao also suggested that “at the height of his power, his empire extended from Mesopotamia to the Indus Valley and the land in between like present-day Iran and Afghanistan. He suggested that he ruled from 1753 BC to 1693 BC. The article suggested that this theory has been propounded by veteran archaeologist Dr.M V N Krishna Rao, a pioneer in deciphering the Indus Valley civilization script, who unraveled the famous 'Pashupati' seal in 1969 AD. In a paper titled 'Rama and Ravana in Indus Seals', also contributed by Mr. J. P. Joshi’s felicitation volume, Dr Rao concluded from the old interpretation of Banawali seal. “Rim-Sin assumed the title of 'king of all lands' by the consent of Goddess 'Nin Makh' at 'Opis', his second capital was in Babylonia.” Dr Rao says the archaeological evidence found in the Indus seals showed that “'Rim Sin' had fought for a long time an undecided war with King 'Hammuravi' identified as 'Ravana' of the Indus seals. The king of Babylonia was finally able to defeat 'Hammuravi' in the joint action with the chief of 'Subartu', 'Hurrians' and 'Mitannian'. Hammuravi' was killed in the fight, as suggested by one of the Indus Seals which has a legend reading of ‘Ravani Dama’ or destroyer of Ravana.” Dr Rao says the Indus seals found on the banks of river Saraswati suggest that Banawali must be Ram Janambhumi and not Ayodhya He points out that “under project 'Archaeology of the Ramayana Sites' headed by Prof B.B. Lal, excavations were conducted at Ayodhya, Bharadwaja Ashram and Sringaverpura from 1975 and 1980AD. At Ayodhya, he found the remains of a Hindu temple belonging to “Gahadwala King” , King of Kannauj of 11th century AD, the remains found under Babri Mosque was dated to 11th century AD (Published The Rediff On The NET Special: “Archaeologist explodes myth of Ram Janambhoomi being in Ayodhya”.
Jaichand was the king of Kannauj in the 11th century AD and he was the ancestors of Rathore Rajput of Jodhpur Kingdom and he was also a reluctant father-in-law of Prithviraj Chauhan but enjoyed no relationship because of Kidnapping of his daughter by Prithviraj. Mahmud Ghuri and Aibak sensing this discord between two powerful kings of North India systematically defeated Prithviraj and Jaichand one by one. The Hindu temples on various sites were ransacked and destroyed and later on Mosque was constructed sometimes using the temple blocks but the date is not specified by ASI probably due to absence of forensic evidence that may have been lost or degraded for over a thousand years. The above statement has some degree of truth but at the same time some of the claim does not seem to bear out as it relates to decipherment of seals and the inscription as interpreted by other Assyrilogists who have spent significant time researching Rim-Sin.
Dr. Rao further stated that “Rim Sin," whose name was read in the Indus seals as "Rama Sana," was the son of "Kudur Mabug" ("Mhabana" of the Indus seals) and he reigned in Larsa, modern Tell- es-Senkereh in Iraq. Dr Rao says that "Rim" in the Sumerian language means "ruler" and "Raman" is the name of the "thunder god of the Amorites." The word "Sin" means "moon god" in the Akkadian language and "Sana" means "god of thunderstorms" in the Indus language, says Dr Rao. Before his accession to the throne of Larsa in Sumer, Rim's brother 'Arad Sin' ruled for 12 years," says Dr Rao. "His father 'Kudur Mabug' reigned in Jamutbal, a kingdom on the coast of the Persian Gulf, toward east of the river Tigris adjoining Elam," he says. "This name, is identical with Jabuna or Sapuna or Jambudvipa of the Indus Valley, while 'Rim Sin' appears to have been an Aryan chief ruling over the Elamites, the Sumerians and the Aryans of the Indus Valley civilization."
Our observation although very similar as to the historicity of Rim-Sin, certain assumptions laid out by Dr. Rao’s interpretation are questionable especially as an Aryan chief ruling over Elamites. First of all, as of now, we have no way of deciphering Indus language yet and therefore reading of seal by one expert are not a clinching evidence unless corroborated by several experts. While all this sounds too obscure and mysterious for most of the readers, it also raises some serious questions as to what Mesopotamian chronicle on cuneiform clay tablet describes and what Ramayana says about these great historical personalities of the ancient history. The so called Indus seal that is reproduced here from ASI publication provide us no such clue. Although, it is quite understandable that the aim of the article is to diffuse the controversy regarding the site but opinion as expressed does not validate the real history. The Indus seal experts like Dr. Parpola and Dr. Kenoyer who have spent considerable amount of time working on decipherment and archeological excavation on Indus valley sites offers no opinions. So, let us set aside some of these claims and review what Mesopotamian finds have so far revealed through inscriptions. Like all epics, we need to separate mythologies from the historicity of the characters.
The purpose of this whole mystery is to investigate and provide additional details on Rim-Sin and also alternative identification of true Ravana as it is becoming increasingly clear the Ravana as described in Ramayana does not fit the profile of “Law Giver” king on his name numerous inscription exists, in addition to that, The Genesis describes them as military allies not the enemies and the fact that his name did not precede in Larsa chronology of Kings creates a reasonable doubts. The chronology differences in various Kings List set them apart perhaps as much as 250 years behind Rim-Sin. If Hammu-Ravi as describes in Babylonian king list is son of Sin-Mubalit who may be brother of Rim-Sin and son of Kudur-Mabug is he is the same person then he may be related. None of the discovered Mesopotamian tablets confirms the behavior as described in Ramayana as stealing Rama’s wife Sita. Ramayana’s events excluding some myths can be still synchronized to Mesopotamian history. If Rim-Sin of Mesopotamia was indeed Rama of Ramayana than he defeated Illi Adad (Ramman), he may be the true Ravan of Ramayana epic.
THE MYSTERY OF THE RAMAYANA [ SCHEDULE 1 ] - PART (7) .
The Mahabharata reveals that Valmiki the author of the Indian Epic " Ramayana " was a Robber / Dacoit and that at the behest of Narada Muni , he gave up his life of a Dacoit and turned into a Sage .The Mahabharata reveals Valmiki's original name as " Ratnakar " . The Question is " Why did the Mahabharata even had to mention this ? Does it really reveal what it seems like revealing or is it that the Mahabharata was giving us a clue that Valmiki did steal something ? " We will find out the answer in this mystery itself . Let us continue from where we left in PART (6) .
Illi- Adad (Ramman) was the governor of nearby city Uruk that was under the Larsa King Nur-Adad (Ramman). Up on Nur-Adad’s death, his brother Sin-Iddidan (probably Vibhishana of Ramayana) became the kings of Larsa. Silli-Iddidan was a noble ruler but a weak ruler. Illi of Uruk conspired and usurped the real successor of Nur-Adad and assumed the title of Adad (Ramman) thus calling himself Silli-Adad. (Ravvan). Adad in Akkadian means a “Thunder God” of Larsa and all King upon assumption of power assumed the title. Silli-Adad therefore may be the true Ravana of Ramayana and not Hammu-Ravi, the law giver, an Amorite ruler. This conclusion can be arrived without any reliance on Indus valley seal’s interpretation and Aryan boogey especially the decipherment and interpretation remains questionable. Dr. Rao’s suggestion that Rama was Aryan chief is also does not square with Mesopotamian inscriptions and interpretations. Rama was an Elamite ruler. Unless, someone is prepared to equate Elamite to Aryan, Aryan label does not stick. The historical Hammu-Ravi was a successful emperor and his reign included all of Mesopotamia. His real identity and relationship with Rim-Sin was confusing and not clear due to very little information is given on Sin-mubalit through inscription. There is a possibility as stated is some inscription that after Rim-Sin’s death , he may have usurped Rim-sin 2 in a inter family feuds as hinted in Ramayana by insistence of one queen, Rama was forced into 12 years of exile. Some assyrilogists believed he did not defeat Rim-sin. Rim Sin dies at the age of 81-82 years of age. Rim Sinh reigned for 61 years and was the longest surviving monarch of Mesopotamia.
Some valuable information on clay tablets discovered at various sites of Mesopotamia and various references found in the Hebrew Bible that gives some glimpse of Rim-Sin of Mesopotamia who probably was the historical Rama of Ramayana who Hindu of India worships. Those things as outlined here are in perfect harmony with Dr. Rao’s conclusion and observations and my observation in earlier paper that Tamil speakers of India have strong Elamite connection linguistically and genetically.
When the inscriptions are revealed to the readers, it will peel away the myths of vimana and other bardic tales incorporated in the epic of Ramayana by the scribes. As far as the determination of the site of the dispute, Dr. Rao has acknowledged that there stood once a temple where Mosque was built but its importance of the place as a birth place of Rama is now discarded and the author concurs with Dr. Rao’s observation. Since the country needs to concentrate on economic prosperity and progress, most of us agree that we need to build more toilets than temples or mosques. This issue needs to fade away.
THE MYSTERY OF THE RAMAYANA [ SCHEDULE 1 ] - PART (8) .
Mesopotamia (from the Greek, meaning 'between two rivers') was an ancient region in the eastern Mediterranean bounded in the northeast by the Zagros Mountains and in the southeast by the Arabian Plateau, corresponding to today's Iraq, mostly, but also parts of modern-day Iran, Syria and Turkey. Very interestingly , these same Countries have been Bombed by Western Countries initially and now ISIS is operating and destroying the Ancient Temples in the same Countries . THEY ARE REMOVING HISTORY .
Mesopotamian Gods and Goddesses - Kingman ship as a viceroy of God:
It is very important to understand how mythologies accompanies the history and epics and ultimately becomes a bardic creation with some religious significance. In ancient world, all the kings were dietified either during their life or after their death and they were often worshipped. The ancient people thought that they were the viceroys of the God and created by the God to rule the mankind. Ramayana once was an Elamite epic that may have came to Indus valley either through cultural contacts or the first arrival of Elamite refugees. Later on as Hinduism became compendium of all of the Indian religious traditions incorporating various Gods of the inhabitants, an Aryan layer was added to make that a universal Indian epic. This appears to be a logically sound explanation that can be derived from the data from Mesopotamia. Some aspects of the story are significantly different from the Indian version. How these different variations came about is not exactly known or understood by the historians. The bardic imagination and compulsion to praise the kings more than human cannot be ruled out. The author’s conclusion is based on the following observations.
1. On various instances, the author has concluded that Indus valley civilization was well integrated with Mesopotamia and Nile valley civilization with trade and culture. There were similarities of the seals and now decipherment of clay tablets at various sites in Mesopotamia and Iran gives us new information. The people of each different area may have established residency in each other countries for trades and the people were mixing. There were speech variations and assumption of title with known ancient Gods. This made their birth name obscure on the discovered clay tablets of Mesopotamia.
2. Yogi seal of Indus valley have established ancient India’s leadership on Shramanic and yogic traditions. This assumption consistently bears out throughout the history up to the modern times.
3. To what extent the political connection can be established among these various civilizations is not completely understood except some selected exchanges of letters among royals or other literary references like Hebrew’s bible provides the linkage information. Did Sargon of the Akkad rule Indus valley as a colony or vassal? Did Rama’s empire include the Indus valley as a colony or vassal? Did he have his people settled in Indus valley as administrator or governor? Until some hardcore archeological evidence is presented and accepted by majority of the experts, it will remain daunting puzzle to solve. The ancient world did not have enough warriors or armies to establish a permanent presence in distant land as an occupier or to hold the territory indefinitely. Even in today’s world with large military force, it is next to impossible to do that. So, some kind of Vassal or governor relationship had to exist that brought annual tributes from vanquished but the distant land was given the full local autonomy sometime with the posting of viceroy or ambassador.
4. I have already shared a detailed research work previously to this mystery as " THE SECRET OF THE ELAMITES " establishing the connection between present Tamil speaking people of India and Elamites of ancient Mesopotamia.
5. In the ancient world, the chief priests of the city-state also came from royal family and ancient genealogies of the kings often connected the kings directly to the God. The kings as a descendent of the Gods in the human form were sent to rule mankind. The Puranic genealogy serves as a validating proof. Once the Royals were dietified then they were required to be worshipped by all the subjects. When ancient Mesopotamian kings assumed the power and throne, most of them attached their title to their patron God. The Larsa chronology of the kings was discovered through various archeological excavations. The Larsa kings of the dynasty assumed the title of “Adad” and later “Sin” and sometimes both. Adad meant thunder God. The thunder god was looked up on for a favor to produce enough rains and bountiful crops. The God through worship was expected to balance the forces of nature, so excessive rains fall will not occur that will create flooding and wash away their fields and dwellings. The god worship was designed to give sufficient water resources for survival and bountiful crops. Sin was the moon God, worshipped since Sumerian time that provided light at night in absence of electricity and control the sea tides and waves. The ancients feared the natural forces that often gave them life or take their life. The natural forces thus evolved in to various Gods.
THE MYSTERY OF THE RAMAYANA [ SCHEDULE 1 ] - PART (9) .
MY QUESTION IS SIMPLE : " IF RAMA RULED BHARATA ( TODAY'S INDIA ) FROM AYODHYA ? WHY THERE ARE NO ANCIENT TEMPLES IN NORTHERN INDIA DEDICATED TO RAMA , BUT MOST OF THEM IN SOUTHERN INDIA AND EVEN IN SRILANKA ? " . Now , People will say " Mughals broke all of them " . Point taken . People will say , the Muslim invaders ruined everything of the Indian heritage in Northern India , that's why there is no " Rameswaram " in Northern India . Very nice explanation which " I DO NOT BUY , AND I WILL TELL YOU WHY ?" .
Mughal Emperor Aurangazeb , tried to Destroy " The Kailasa Temple " which is in the Ellora Caves Basin in the Indian State of Maharastra. Within days , He Realized , trying to break that Temple , was a waste of Money . With so many men trying to Break that temple , They could only Break , some of the Elephant Trunks carved on the Basalt Rock Sculptures within the Kailasa Temple complex . They gave up . The Kailasa Temple Complex even today STANDS TALL , attracting Thousands of Foreigners to a spectacle of their Lifetime . It is a fact , as I have already shared in my previous post relating to this mystery that , YES , The Babri Masjid was built on Top of an Ancient Hindu temple , I have provided the evidence as well . Yes , the Mughals destroyed hundreds of Hindu temples and it is a fact . But to say , THAT RAMA ruled from Ayodhya , The Highest number of Rapists and Murderers, Dowry related Deaths, Extra- Marital affairs are also from the Northern Belt of India , because ... Well , we will see why in this mystery itself . Let us continue from where we left in PART (8).
Adad in Akkadian language, Ishkur in Sumerian and Hadad in Aramaic language is the same name of the storm-god of Mesopotamia as was the “Varun” God for Mittani and Vedic Aryans. In Akkadian, Adad was also called “Ramman or Thunderer" cognate with Aramaic “Rimmon”. Adad was written by the logogram dIM in all their cuneiform scripts and kings’ list.
During the cultural and trade exchange between Indus valley and Mesopotamia, the thunder god can be clearly understood from “Ramman” of Mesopotamia to “Ravvan” in Indus valley and then becoming at a later age “Ravvan” or just simply “Ravan” by an Indian scribe. The God Adad and Varun became very important as the ecology of the Fertile Crescent was undergoing a climatic change and rain and storm became scarcer. In early Sumerian period, the storm God was less important. The God Enlil and Assyrian Ninurta maintained some storm God features (like Shiva). The rain was plentiful and balanced during Sumerian time as well as during first two phases of Indus valley. Ultimately, the ecological changes killed fertile valleys of Mesopotamia and Indus regions. Adad was the son of Nana or Sin (Moon God) and his siblings were Utu-Shamash-Marduk (Sun God) and Goddess Inanna (Ishtar). The symbol for Adad was bull (Nandi) and lion.
On the other hand, “Sin” (Akkadian) or Nanna (Sumerian) was the god of the moon in the Mesopotamian mythology. They were sometimes interchangeably used Nanna Nana’s consort was Nanki or Ishtar. Nana is a Sumerian deity, the son of Enlil and Ninlil, and became identified with Semitic Sin. The two chief seats of Nanna's/Sin's worship were in Ur and Nippur located in the southern Mesopotamia and considered the holy sites. When Silli-Adad, governor of Ur, the usurper deposed the successor of Nur-Adad, he also probably stole the deities of Ur temple Goddess Ishtar and God Sin and took them to Larsa. The acts of cruelty during his reign as a governor may help decide Jewish Abraham to leave the city and head west to the “promised land ‘of Palestine.
Inanna (Sumerian), Ishtar (Akkadian) was the goddess of love, fertility and warfare. Her abode was located at the E-Anna temple at the city of Uruk in Mesopotamia. Ishtar or Ishitar can be easily transferred to Indus valley and later scribe will label her as Indian “Shita” leaving “I” and “r” out of Ishitar. Please note that Sumerian language was replaced by Akkadian language throughout the Mesopotamian city-state by 2000 BC or last phase of Harrapan civilization.
Having now introduced, the important gods revered in Mesopotamian for the topic at hand, we can review other data that are related to the epic Ramayana and some things will become apparently clear to the readers what are the historical figures and what are the myths.
THE MYSTERY OF THE RAMAYANA [ SCHEDULE 1 ] - PART (10) .
As a Hindu , I am proud of the Vedic heritage this country has provided us with . Having said that , I am an open minded research oriented guy , who respects , facts and evidences . Evidences show that , India is only a Library of the Vedic knowledge , but not the creator of it. The Vedas were written during the Indus-Saraswati / Harappan period , much to the lands of BMAC ( Afghanistan ) and Western Punjab ( Pakistan ) . Though the Harappan civilization extended till Lothal and Dholavira in Gujrat , we still have to accept that , the Vedic knowledge which is passed onto us , was gathered from the Sumerian and Mesopotamian territories. If we consider , India to be the Cradle of Human Civilization , then I would ask , " WHY IS IT THAT THE PYRAMIDS ARE IN EGYPT AND NOT INDIA ? " . Let us continue from where we left in PART (9) .
Rim-Sin (Rama Chandra) of Larsa and his history in Mesopotamia:
According to king’s list of Larsa, Rim-Sin was a great king and conquered entire Mesopotamia including Indus valley. The empire at its height stretched from summer, Akkad, Lagash, Ur, Larsa, probably Indus valley and the entire region between two great rivers of Mesopotamia around 2nd millennium BC, give and take couple of centuries. Rim-Sin’s brothers’ name was warad (Arad-per Rao) sin as per inscription.According to assyrilogists, his father’s name was Kudur-Mabug who ruled the area around ancient Elam near Susa called Umut-bal, Emut-bal or Jamut-bal (Per Rao) near Persian Gulf Shores and had extensive contacts with western coast Of India. Dr. Rao interpreted ‘Warad’ as ‘Arad’ based on Indus seal. In the Epic of Ramayana, Rim-sin of Mesopotamia is equated correctly to Ram Chandra and Warad sin to Bharat Chandra who ruled exactly 12 years as recorded identically in Mesopotamian King’s list and in epic Ramayana. Kudur Mabug does not clearly equate to Ramayana’s Dashrath due to Aryan layer added to Elamite epic in India probably by Viśvāmitra. But then I had said earlier in my writing that Dashrath is more of military title or epithet and Kudur Mabug is also an epithet. Kudur Mabug means the lord of the land of Umut-bal. Kudur-Mabug’s father’s name was Simti-silhak. His Elamite name was “Simut-Wartash”.
Madeleine Andrew Fitzgerald states that Rim-sin, Warad Sin and Sin-Mubalit are three sons of KudurMabug per inscription. Their names sound like Akkadian names. Kudur Mabug also had one daughter whose name was “Manzi-Wartash” which is an Elamite name. But Kudur-Mabug himself regards his entire family as Elamite as per clay tablet’s inscription. Their Akkadian names may be due to the official use of Akkadian Language in different provinces his sons ruled and corresponding titles they acquired that are found in the Royal inscriptions. In Mesopotamia (Sumer-Akkad) Akkadian became the official language of literacy. The Elamite name of Rama was Eri-Aku (servant of god moon) and Bible chapter on Genesis called him Arioch. Elamite also called him “Iri-Agun”. Ayodhya of Ramayana was probably city of Agade that was extinct during Kudur Mabug’s time but the area around was named as Mashkan-Shapir and the palaces of Sargon ( King Sagar in the Puranas ) and his successors were probably existed where Kudur-Mabug would have established his second capital. Etymologically it may be a stretch but speech variations may have played an important role.
Another possibility was the name Ayodhya was Aryan version of ancient Agade. See maps below for approximate geographical positions derived from archeological site maps.
There is little information about Sin-mubalit and Murtaz-Wartaz on any tablet discovered. Assyrilogists can be wrong in identifying Wartaz as female and the names can be the younger brother of Rama as per Ramayana- Shtrughana or Ramayana can be off.
THE MYSTERY OF THE RAMAYANA [ SCHEDULE 1 ] - PART (11) .
Sumerian Civilization is the Earliest Recorded Civilization in the World which exactly matches the Indus- Saraswati Civilization or the Harappan Civilization . Followed by the Mesopotamian , Egyptian , Assyrian , Elamite Civilizations . Archaeological evidences has suggested that 3 Major Civilizations were in place in the ancient times - Melukha ( Meluha or Today's India ) , Dilmun ( Today's Kuwait , Qatar , Bahrain & Saudi Arabia ) and Magan ( Today's Oman ) . All these 3 Civilizations were interconnected Civilizations and Rudra ( Shiva ) & Shakti were the primary deity of all the 3 Civilizations . It is thereby also mentioned in the Ramayana that , Rama prayed to Shakti before he went overboard to fight a war with Ravanna . Let us continue from where we left in PART (10) .
UR-III dynasty and End of Sumerian Akkadian Empire:
The question often asked where the Elamite did come from. The most likely place can be subcontinent itself. As Indus –Sarasvati cities died due to desiccation of soil induced by climatic change and shifting of river courses. There could be migration out of subcontinent and as the Elamite Empire fell, it came back to subcontinents. This possibility cannot be ruled out. However, after the collapse of Ur III dynasty, various competing city states emerged in Mesopotamia. These states included Eshnunna, Kazallu, Ilip, Assur, Marad, Isin, Larsa, and Babylon. While in lower Mesopotamia near the Persian Gulf, the kingdoms of Isin and Larsa became dominant powers. The two powerhouse of the ancient world competed with each other for the control of territory and water resources. All the royals enjoyed the legitimacy and authority in the eyes of the people as representative of god. This also corresponds well with Ramayana epic as Rama was considered the incarnation of God Vishnu (half human and half God). In Hindu sacred texts, Vishnu is usually described as having dark complexion of water-filled clouds and as having four arms. He is depicted as a blue being. Rama and Krishna both being incarnation of Vishnu are portrayed as blue beings. In Indian mythology, the moon deity and sacred bull is also associated with Shiva, the supreme lord of the Hindu who is a blue being. Rama and Shiva are still popular in South Tamil speaking areas and Krishna is popular in During later period, the kingdom of Isin was much reduced, eclipsed by the expanding fortunes of the kingdom of Larsa in southern Mesopotamia where wealth, trade, and political authority resided. The entire Mesopotamia was in the period of cultural flux with Akkadian replacing Sumerian as the language of administration and royal rhetoric. The foreign rulers with Amorite and Elamite names were emerging in the king’s list (They were migrants). During this period, early phase of scribes and Scholarship was greatly advanced with the use of Akkadian Language. The excavation at Tel-El- Senkereh, the location of ancient Larsa provided much of the textual and archaeological records of Larsa, although not complete and subject to differing interpretation by various assyrilogists. The defacing of the clay tablets also complicated the job in tabulation of chronology comparison of the kings and events, but it still give very valuable information that we did not have them before. There are tablets found at other ancient sites that helps line up the contemporaries but sometimes contradicts with each other. The data so far tabulated informs us more of the rulers than their wives or common people. In spite of this limited information, its implication on Indian epic of Ramayana cannot be underestimated.
For a long time scholars confused Elam with Susiana, equivalent to the plain and lower Zagros foothills in the present Persian province of Khuzestan. Two important factors have recently modified this understanding, however. First, Tal-e Malyan (Malian) in Fars has been identified as the ancient center of the component kingdom of Anshan (Hansman; Lambert; Reiner, 1973), and, second, it has been established that Susa and Elam were two distinct entities (Vallat, 1980). In fact, during the several millennia of its history the limits of Elam varied, not only from period to period, but also with the point of view of the person describing it. This is where, the great possibilities exist that Vedic Aryans may have interacted with Elamites.
The possibility of Elamites ruling ancient Aryan tribes exists and later on Persian Aryan dynasty arose at the same place.
THE MYSTERY OF THE RAMAYANA [ SCHEDULE 1 ] - PART (12) .
The chronology is supposed to be the skeleton of the history but any flow in the chronological interpretation changes the concept of the sequence. One of the difficulties the assyrilogists have encountered is in accurately pinpointing the dates of each ruler’s reign while comparing various dynasties and chronologies inscribed in the discovered clay tablets that includes king’s lists of contemporary dynasties and other records. During 1974 AD, the archaeological world was rocked with the discovery of the archives of the ancient city of Ebla in Syria. The archives of the city dated back to before the days of the Akkadian Empire. These texts reveal that Ebla was a thriving commercial city with contacts stretching in all directions for hundreds of miles. The discovery affected not only Near Eastern studies but also biblical studies. The general method used by the most assyrilogists is the internal chronology of the reigns of Larsa kings that is based on the Larsa King’s List and the Larsa Date Lists, while the relative chronology is based primarily on synchronizing among various dynasties of Mesopotamia such as Sumerian list, Isin list, Uruk’s list and so on. Due to these variances, there is great degree of uncertainties and disagreement among scholars as to which chronology is correct. Huber made a good argument for the high chronology, which would date the reign of Hammu-rabi of Babylon from 1848 to 1806 B.C. and that, would be before Rim-sin and Kudur Mabug (Dashrath) using internal chronology somewhere around 2050-2100 BC when Sulgi Of Ramayana and Mesopotamia lived. While another assyrilogists have suggested a lower chronology, that will place Hammu-rabi in the period of 1792 to 1750 BC, a difference of 56 years but in line with Rim-Sin. Ebla places everything beyond upper chronologies and this gives a swing of several centuries with various chronologies. This creates an obvious problem with the assumption that Hammu-Ravi (or Khammu Ravi and Amraphel of Genesis-Hebrew text) was Ramayana’s Ravan and contemporary of Rim-sin (Rama).
As stated earlier that Hammu-Ravi’s profile as a king does not fit the Ravan of Ramayana character. Hammu-Ravi was the “Law Giver” not the “Law Breaker” .There is other suggestions from experts that enlarge the difference by as much as 100 to 150 years between Rim-Sin and Hammu-Ravi. Hammu-Ravi was a mighty ruler of Babylon and an ally of King of Larsa as per Genesis 14. His seals and tablets does not describe him the way Ramayana depicts Ravana , so it is a relevant question that how do we know He was the true Ravana? One source of Mesopotamian tablet claims that Rim-sin was defeated by Hammu-Ravi while Ramayana and Genesis chapter of bible says no such thing. So, which version is correct? Hammu-Ravi was also loved and respected by his people. Although, the data are contradictory and confusing we need to consider them with the textual references. The folklores and Epics have some values as far as the history is concerned once bardic elements are removed. See below various chronology suggestions of various experts on HammuRavi.
The issue also arises as to who Sin-Mubalit was? There is little or no information available on discovered tablet. Was he assigned the control of small but emerging Babylon by Kudur-Mabug, the father? HammuRavi’s father’s name was Sin-Mubalit also. Are they same or different people?
So, if Short or low chronology used Hammu-Ravi will not be contemporary of Rim-Sin 1st that will agree with Ramayana. He would have followed Rama at considerable distance. So, these differing versions cast serious doubts as to who the true Ravana was. However, the internal Larsa king list can help us identify the right Ravana. The Internal chronology places Hammu Ravi after Rim-sin. Ward-Sin who ruled for Rama got the credit for defeating Larsa king Silli-Adad (Ramman). If Ramayana story is to be believed than Ravana preceded Rama and Bharat to be defeated by them.
THE MYSTERY OF THE RAMAYANA [ SCHEDULE 1 ] - PART (13) .
The site of Tell El Senkereh was first identified as ancient Larsa by Loftus and Rawlinson in 1853 AD. The basis of that discovery was relied on the discovery of cuneiform clay tablets, bricks and prism found there. Tell El Senkereh is approximately 9 miles southeast of ancient Uruk in southern Mesopotamia, lying east of the Euphrates, south of the Iturungal canal, and west of the Tigris, Larsa relied on water for transportation and irrigation from all three sources .
Tell Senkereh was extensively plundered for texts and artifacts during last two centuries by the thieves. The first scientific excavation of the site was conducted by Parrot in 1933-34 AD and again in 1967 AD. Margueron followed Parrot in 1969 and 1970 AD with cooperation with Iraqi Antiquity Authority. The regular excavations have continued on and off until Iraq Gulf War and no fly zone introduced by western powers. These excavations were focused on old Mesopotamian period. The tablets numbering over 4000 were collected and continue to be analyzed and reanalyzed by various Assyrilogists.However, their interpretation varies as the tablets are defaces or chipped off, so various assumptions have been made by cross referencing various genealogy from other tablets received from other sites of Nippur, Babylon, Isin. Now the archeological area is controlled by ISIS that is real threat to the world heritage.
Kudur Mabuk (Dashrath), Rim-sin (Rama) and Warad-sin (Bharat) Mesopotamian Records:
It has been generally been assumed, based on the name of the founder, that the kings of the Kudur-Mabuk dynasty were not natives to Larsa but outsiders. Although, the habitants of Larsa were mix community of Sumerian, Akkadian and Amorite extraction. The name Larsa can be easily interpreted by Indus valley people as ‘Larka” and to the later scribe as ‘Lanka’. These invaders overthrew the native dynasty of NurAdad (Ramman). As per the inscription, Nur-Adad was a good king, a predecessor of real Ravana of Ramayana. If this was indeed the fact then under the name of his father(Kudur-Mabuk), Rim-sin- I (Rama) defeated Silli-Adad (Ramman), a successor of Nur-Adad and installed his brother Warad-Sin as king of Larsa, as per the reading 0f the clay tablets.Ramayana slightly differs from that version and states that Rim-sin conquered it with his other brother and came back home to rule all the territories that warad-sin ruled for him for 12 years of his exile while appointing Vibhishana as his vassal. Mesopotamian chronicle confirms the 12 year rule of Warad-sin (Bharat) but does not talk about kidnapping of his wife Sita or 12 years of exile imposed on Rim-sin as per Ramayana. However, the inscription found at archeological sites at Ur suggests that the Warad-Sin had a reduced title than a king and his father Kudur Mabug held the kingship. Frayne’s interpretation of the inscription of Warad-sin corroborates that segment of Ramayana when Bharat ruled on behalf of his bother Rama (See Inscription E184.108.40.206-2). The tablet further suggests that Kudur-Mabug and his son Rim-Sin has organized the number of military expedition against Isin, Ur and Larsa that lends support to Dr. Rao, statement but the duration of the conflict lasted during multiple years. However, Silli Adad, the usurper was able to rule only for one year until defeated by Kudur Mabug and Rama’s armies.
The inscription E220.127.116.11-4 (Frayne) states that during the second year rule of Warad-sin, Kudur Mabug’s army led by Rim-sin “smote the army of Kazallu and Umutbal and Larsa.” Kudur-Mabuk asserted that he committed no wrongful acts on Larsa and Umutbal (Frayne 1990: E4.2.13a.1, ll.4-5), but settled Ur and Larsa people in peaceful existence and thereby freeing from King’s tyranny (Frayne 1990 E.18.104.22.168, ll.), and the scattered people of Larsa (and) were brought back, the troops that were disorganized, were reorganized and the land became more peaceful. The inscription on the tablet : “who smote the head of its foes, snare of his land, who smashed all the enemies, made god Utu (Sun God) a supreme judge of heaven and earth (in) his princely residence, in Larsa” (Frayne 1990: E22.214.171.124, ll. 21-34). The various authors have used Umutbal, Jamutbala, and Emutbala interchangeably, that shows the speech variations of the ancient world when writing was minimal and confined to Royals using the cuneiform language. In their book, on The Anatomy of a Mesopotamian City: Survey and Soundings at Mashkan-shapir by Elizabeth Caecilia Stone and Paul E. Zimansky, they argued that:” The question of circumstances of Kudur-Mabuk conquest of Larsa offers a convenient point of departure, more closely the issue of geographic and political triangle, Larsa, Mashkan-Shapir and Umutbal.” Kudur-Mabug in earlier inscription was described as the father of Umutbal and son of Simti –Sinhak, and he claimed he did not do anything wrong during conquest of Larsa (Lanka) that would not please the God Shamash (Sun God, same as Utu). Elizabeth Stone of Stony Brook (N.Y) University and her colleague Paul E. Zimansky had recently returned from post war Iraq after decades of closure on exploration during Saddam Husain’s Iraq conflicts. One can infer from the above statement that Kudur Mabug was committing righteous acts and due to atrocities of then ruler of Larsa, the people were emigrating just kike Abraham of Jews who left Ur due to his disenchantment with the prevailing chaos.
THE MYSTERY OF THE RAMAYANA [ SCHEDULE 1 ] - PART (14) .
When I was reading the Ramayana for the 4th Time , I had a copy of the Hebrew Bible ( The Old Testament ) opened up on my Laptop . It was year 2012. The Purana talks about a King named " Sagar " , The Hebrew Bible talks about a King named " Sargon " . The Purana talks about " Shivains" , The Hebrew Bible talks about " Sabians " , The Puranas talked about " Brahma and Saraswati " , The Hebrew Bible talks about " Abrahm and Sara " . I noticed where the confusion was . I placed the origin of the " Ramayana " in Mesopotamia and Wallah , what a Magic " Hanuman searching for Sita ( Ishtar ) in Pataloka ( South America ) , ofcourse , the other place where there are Pyramids is South America and why not shall he go there searching ? Everything started to make sense . The " Sheelanag" of Ireland , " The Hill of Tara " in Ireland , The origin of " Scotland " through the Egyptian Queen " Scotia " , the Irish Bloodline of " Danu " or what the Puranas talk as " Danavas " . I had broken the secret code of " ASURAS / ASSYRIANS " . But I needed confirmation and that is why I am sharing research work by multiple scholars and putting it in one picture in this mystery. Let us continue from where we left in PART (13) .
How the Records for King’s year kept by the scribes:
During the second millennium BC in Mesopotamia, the regal years were announced after a significant event or events which that occurred in the preceding full year of a king’s reign. Kings commemorated their military victories and cultic and civic activities, such as building temples, city walls and gates, or digging canals, in their year names. For example, the third year of King Hammuravi was called the ‘Year: Hammuravi built for Nanna his temple in Babylon’ and the seventh ‘The year (Hammuravi) seized Uruk and Isin’. The Documents were dated with these year names and scribes kept lists of sequential years of reign. As such, it is obvious that year names are an important source for chronology and historical reconstructions. However, some scribes counted the year by event, so if there were more than one event in a year, it got recorded as multiple years in a single calendar year. This has led to significant confusion in the comparative analysis.The tablet from the Moussaieff Collection is a list of years of king Warad-Sin and Kudur-Mabug of Larsa based on the middle chronology and it contains eleven of the twelve years of Warad-Sin’s reign.
A regnal year could be given more than one name, so the names have to be collated to resolve the discrepancy. There are multiple sources of tablet readings: (1) the Chicago Date List- A 7534 (2) two fragmentary date lists from Ur, UET 1, nos. 266 i 12’-22’ and 265 rev. 10’-20’. (3) A date list in the British Museum (4) BM 33846, and 161-164. In addition to that there are hundreds of archival documents that are available on the internet. In spite of the numerous reading of the defaced tablets and interpretations, there remains some degree of uncertainty. Ramayana is definite in its language and talks about 12 years of exiles of Rama and Bharat was still under the Kudur-Mabug working as a viceroy. Without his father’s help, he alone could not have scored the victories. Here is one such translation.
THE MYSTERY OF THE RAMAYANA [ SCHEDULE 1 ] - PART (15) .
Since my childhood , I have been fascinated by the story of the " ONE HUSBAND AND FOUR WIVES " , Extremely sorry , I am not talking about the " ISLAMIC PHILOSOPHY OF MARRYING FOUR WOMEN " here . It was an ancient Vedic code , which says that " TO BE INTELLIGENT , FIRST ASK THE QUESTION TO THE HUSBAND " HOW ? " , THEN ASK THE FIRST WIFE " WHAT ? " THEN ASK THE SECOND WIFE " WHEN ? " THEN ASK THE THIRD WIFE " WHERE ? " AND FINALLY ASK THE FOURTH WIFE " WHY ? " . The secret code was " How , What , When, Where and Why " and that is the 1 Husband and 4 Wives story . Unfortunately Non-Vedics while creating their own cults , literally understood the philosophy and thereby In Islam , having 4 Wives at a Time was confused as acceptable . Let us continue further into the mystery from where we left in PART (14) .
If there are two major events in one calendar year, it could be misunderstood as two years by Assyrilogists. The victory over Malgium (Mutiabala or Emutbala) and Kazallu should be viewed in the broader context even though it is attributed to him. As a reigning king, he would ultimately get the credit for all the acts of his father and brothers but his military achievement attributed to him is limited to two years only as compared to the tablets of Rim-Sin who ruled until 61 years unchallenged and scored many victories. Correlating this inscription with Kudur-Mabug’s inscription, it appears that Warad-Sin appears to have been dependent on his father’s military help. Warad-sin’s campaign was to the north of Larsa (Kazallu) and to the north-east (Mutiabala, Malgium), that coincided with similar campaigns of his father in the same geographical areas. Thus Kudur-Mabuk claimed in his inscriptions the same victories as Warad Sin, ’to have restored Maskan-Sapir and Kar-samas to Larsa and overthrown ‘the foes of the Ebabbar’. (RIME 4, E4.2.13, no. 10, ll. 14-21).
In view of this the historical context, Ramayana is correct, it is clear that Warad-Sin ruled only in the name of Rama and with his father’s military backing, while Rama was elsewhere. There appears to be no major contradiction on this statement between Ramayana text and Mesopotamian inscription. The definition of exile is intriguing. Should elder brother should stay home and let younger fight? The tablet gives no clue. Although, there are other issues of Ramayana that do no correlate with the tablets as to when Dashrath died? This may be dramatization of bardic tale, Indian movie style, but that is always an inherent component of all worlds’ epics. China’s monkey god to Homer’s epics and epic of Gilgamesh.
Ethnicity of Kudur Mabug and Rim-sin:
The ethnicity of Kudur-Mabuk is still is a matter of some debate among assyrilogists. Some think he may be part Akkadian and part Elamite. Although as mentioned earlier, Kudur Mabug and his father considered themselves of Elamite extraction and they inscribed themselves as Elamite rulers. This author also believes that based on his earlier research on Elamite and Tamil connection, they were Elamites and the result is the existence of Ramayana in India, The story of Rama (Rim-sin) and his family and father Kudur Mabug. Rimsin was a dietified king. Rama’s stories in Ramayana have survived the ages as a true and noble hero of epic. Some assyrilogists have claimed that Kudur –Mabug’s sons were of Amorites extraction because they held early Amorite-Akkadian names in Larsa King’s list and they also held their predecessors of Larsa in high esteem. This is not a sound argument. This can be due to deification of previous kings and what their subjects believed is politically correct thing to do to assume names or titles. Nur Adad himself was a good ruler of Larsa and worshipped the same moon and sun gods as did Kudur-Mabug’s dynasty. Rim-sin, Waradsin and Sin-Mubalit sounds good Akkadian names. But, there are other reasons too. They also had their Elamite names. We do not have any information on the female members of Kudur Mabug’s family in Ramayana. What is important is what Kudur-Mabug thought of his ethnicities and that is abundantly clear that he considered his family as Elamite. The “sesame oil document” makes it clear that he is an Elamite (YOS-14-333). Warad-sin’s inscription describes him as the “father of Umutbal”, more like the lord or ruler of Umutbal and this may create a false impression to some analyst that he was of an Amorite extraction. Dr. Rao’s claim that they were Aryan chief ruling Elamite is highly questionable. The Ramayana Epic has a Vedic layers of Aryan tales when Rama was considered incarnation of Aryan Pantheon Vishnu. This probably was all added later as an “Aryan layer” to the epic. India has three or more versions of Ramayana but only one version of Mahabharata that should give us some pause for thinking as to why there are three or more versions ever produced of Ramayana? There is ample evidence that epic story of Ramayana travelled from India’s Tamil coast to Thailand, Cambodia and Bali, Indonesia. Similar presence of Ramayana is found in eastern Persia where Bruhi speakers (offshoot of Elamite Language) reside. Kudur Mabug and his family must have originated from south west Persian region called Elam. Elam was closer to Susa, Iran.
THE MYSTERY OF THE RAMAYANA [ SCHEDULE 1 ] - PART (16) .
In the Old Testament ( Jewish Torah / Hebrew Bible ) and the New Testament ( The Christian Bible ) , Rama is mentioned as King Arioch . Now , why is this important ? You see , if somebody called Rama ever existed then , it could not happen that his name was not known to the people who were living in Central Asia , Middle East and so forth . Hindus have been blowing their pompous trumpets stating that the Whole World was once a follower of Sanatan ( Pagan ) Dharma ( Religion ) . I am not one of those suicidal Hindus , who would die for a God , without having evidence whether he actually EXISTS OR EXISTED . If there was evidence , then " Where was the Evidence ? " This was my question. The Hebrew Bible is very close to what the Sanskrit Puranas reveal . The names of the Kings , the period of their conquests and how one King was entering into another king's territory and the territories kept changing with every conquest . As I said King Sagar of Purana is the same King Sargon of the Hebrew Bible . Anyways , let us continue from where we left in PART (15), We got a long way to Go .
Hittite and Mittani appeared in Anatolia few centuries later, so the chronological events run counter to Dr.Rao’s assertion that Rim-Sin defeated Hammu-Rabi with the help of Mittani Aryans and Rim-sin was an Aryan chief. But, what is possible is that Rim-sin and Hammu Ravi did not live at the same time in the history and if they lived at the same time Hammu Ravi was not Ravan but Silli-Adad or Silli-Ramman was Indian Ravan. Rim-sinh II who followed Rim-sin I was probably the one who had a struggle with Hammu Ravi over the dominance of Mesopotamia after Rama died, but the chronology and actual events remains uncertain as to this being rivalries within the clan members or something else.
Under Larsa king list, last two kings mentioned were Hammu-Ravi and Samsu-iluna, as compiled by the Assyrilogists. The new discovery points out a problem in the chronology. It is commonly established that Rim-Sin was a long-lived monarch (61 years of reign). He conquered and ruled most of the Mesopotamia and Indus valley and all the known world of early age. This fact would be difficult to reconcile with his survival during Samsu-iluna tenth year as implied in other discovered inscription. If Rim-Sin was indeed was defeated and killed by Hammu-Ravi as some Assyrilogists suggest then Rim-sinh-1 (Rama) would not be alive under Hammu-Ravi’s successor’s rule, and according to this revised chronology of the final list, it would have fallen outside Rim-sin’s regnal years after his accession to the throne. So Rim-Sin- I(Rama) did survive into the reign of Samsu-iluna seems practically certain, since the broken passage in the late chronicle, from which the fact was first inferred, is supported by two date-formulas which can be satisfactorily explained. Thus, if Rim-Sin- I ascended to the throne of Larsa at merely at the age of fifteen, we should have to infer from the new figures that his son Rim-sin II was leading the revolt against Samsuiluna to recapture the lost territories, a combination of circumstances which is just within the bounds of possibility.
The 12th king of the dynasty, Silli-Adad (Indian-Ravan), reigned for only a year and he was not the son of Nur Adad as suggested by Ms. Fitzgerald. Silli Adad was the usurper and was the governor of Uruk and he deposed the reigning heirs of Nur-Adad. Silli-Adad (Ramman, Ravvan) was then defeated by a powerful Elamite king and princes, Kudur-Mabuk, Warad sinh and Rim-Sin I, but credit was given to Warad Sin as he was ruling under the name of Rim-sin- I, as suggested in the Ramayana epic.
THE MYSTERY OF THE RAMAYANA [ SCHEDULE 1 ] - PART (17) .
The fourteenth chapter of Genesis is filled with historical and archaeological hints. Abraham’s reason to leave Ur and head towards the land of west- Canaan has attracted the attention of many archeologists and assyrilogists who study Semitic history. It was during the time of its oppressive Governor Silli-Adad (Ravana). The kings of Babylonia had already for long centuries collected tribute along the eastern shores of the Mediterranean Sea as per the information contained in Genesis. The lines of communication between the East and the West were well established centuries before Abraham left "Ur of the Chaldea" for his migration to Canaan; he followed trade caravans and army routes towards west. Abraham did not realize that what he was running away from was also under the suzerainty of eastern kings of Mesopotamia. The eastern lords collected tributes from the west land. The Battle of the Vale of Siddim, often called the War of nine Kings, refers to an event in the Hebrew Bible book of Genesis 14:1-12 that occurred in the days of Abraham. The Vale of Siddim was the battleground near the city at the Jordan River plain revolting against the eastern lords as described below in the images. The war was approaching among Elam, Babylonia, and the Westland.
A league was formed between Amraphel (Hammu-Ravi), king of Shinar (Babylon); Arioch (Rim-Sin-1), king of Ellisar (Larsa); Kudur-Mabug (Chedorlaomer), king of Elam and Tidal (Tudhliya- Hittite), king of Goiim. Tidal is the name of a Hittite king of Aryan extraction and Great Grandfather of Hattusili-I. These allied monarchs and their armies marched to the Westland to reconquer former allies to collect tributes. Though they succeeded in devastating, plundering and destroying cities, and carrying off a large number of slaves and booty, this chapter concludes with the subsequent defeat of the combined armies at the hands of Abraham's troops and his allies. Here, the biblical scholars have equated Amraphel as Hammu-Ravi,Chedorlaomer as Kudur Mabuk and Arioch as Rim-sin I, all contemporaries who went to war with the forces and allies of Jewish Abraham. According to Bible, Abraham is placed around 2000 BC plus minus century by the biblical scholars while Larsa list places these monarchs 150 years later and it can mean that Larsa king’s list is inaccurate or Bible is Inaccurate or both. This difference of 150 years or more is hard to explain due to year counting done by various city states and various assyrilogists readings of defaced and damaged tablets.
The recent discovery in Syria advances the chronology back by another 1000 years. It also means Abraham was contemporary to Rama that is very unique. On the other hand, the finds at Ebla in Syria may suggest the dating around 3000 BC both for Abraham and Rama but not necessarily for Hammu-Ravi. This puts Ramayana as 5000 years old and that is consistent belief with many Indian scholars. This is why chronology everywhere is in great flux. Freedman stated that one of the tablets listed the five Cities of the Plain in the same order in which they were listed in Genesis. It even named one of the five kings in almost the same form as Genesis (Birsha). This allowed Freedman to say that the Abraham lived in the Early Bronze Age, which is traditionally dated to the third millennium BC (Freedman 1978, pp. 148, 154–155, 157–158). Ramayana historian probably would agree with this date.
THE MYSTERY OF THE RAMAYANA [ SCHEDULE 1 ] - PART (18) .
In India , the most Ancient Temple is dated to 106-108 C.E , which is still surviving . During my own research work for the Ramayana mystery , I found an amazing anomaly . The anomaly is that , if we closely monitor the Construction of Temples in India , we find that , most of the Temple constructions started towards the later half of 5th Century and took a spike during 8th Century onwards . This anomaly was important . If India was the Cradle of Human Civilization , then India should have had " Temples " dating to 3000 B.C.E and even before that . The irony is , Ajipati ( Today's Egypt has Pyramids dated to that time zone ) . Further , Sudan ( Erstwhile Nubia ) has more Pyramids than Egypt an they date even far more earlier than the Pyramids at the Giza Plateau . Scientifically , it supports the " Out of Africa Theory for the Human Civilization " , it supports the scientific theory that Mankind evolved in Africa and then moved out of it . Another interesting fact is that a Hindu Yogi / Guru by the name Shankaracharya had appeared during 8th Century , born in Kerala and he went length and breadth of this country , enforcing the Kings of those days to Build Temples . His massive movement , created a plethora of massive temple constructions in Southern India , Eastern India and Extreme North Eastern India . Most of the Temples built during 6th Century were reconstructed including in the North Eastern state of India , Assam . This Dravidian and Austro Asiatic connection between Southern India and Eastern and North Eastern India , seems to have been bolstered by the efforts of Shankaracharya . Let us continue from where we left in PART (17) .
The literary sources have identified two of the eastern kings but they were allies and not the enemies. If Amraphel, king of Shinar or Babylonia of Genesis was identified as Hammuravi, the law giver, as suggested by Biblical scholar, who has come into a prominence due to discovery of number of his letters addressed to him could not be Rim-sin’s presumed enemy. Larsa was also referred as “Ellisar” by the scribes of the Bible.
Merrill F. Unger who compiled the basic information extracted from Genesis states that “Ellisar” (Larsa, Lanka) of Mesopotamia played a key role in the history of Mesopotamia. It is mentioned twice in genesis (14.1, 9). Ellisar was located south between Ur and Erech (Uruk). Ellisar (Larsa) was the center of sun worships of Lord Utu as well as moon deity Sin. Utu is the same as Babylonian God Shamash or India’s Mitra-Mithra. The Sippar in North continued the same sun worship. Greek called this place Larissa and Elamite may have called it Larka or Lanka during later period. Babylonian called it Larsa. Larsa exercised religious leadership and was considered a holy place of worship in antiquity along with Nippur. The dynasty of Larsa had many good rulers in addition to Rim Sin-1. Other popular kings were Nur Raman (Adad) and Sin-nidina. They built an important canal that connected shatt-en-lil to Tigris River.
Shortly after that the city was captured by invasion from north, by an Elamite king Kudur-Mabug. He did not reside there but he appointed his son to rule the city of Larsa. His name was “Eri-Aku” or Rim-Sin 1, another name for Rama of Ramayana. W. K Laftus during his excavation in 1854 AD, unearthed many clay tablets that are being interpreted and reinterpreted by Assyrilogists. He found Ziggurats and temples. They also uncovered the sun God Utu-Shamash (Sun)’s temple during excavation. Raghu Vansi kings of Ramayana were always sun worshipper and the bible confirms that. A recently discovered tablet describes Eri-Aku as the servant of the moon-god, the son of an Elamite king, Kudur-Mabug, who was entitled to be "the father of the land of the Amorites." This is suggestive of how Lunar and solar dynasty came about in India and Why Rama is a “blue God” like Shiva bearing crescent moon. The symbolism practiced though centuries sometimes have historical underpinning.
THE MYSTERY OF THE RAMAYANA [ SCHEDULE 1 ] - PART (19) .
I wanted the answer to this question as to " Why was it , that India which is the Land of the Vedas , does not have Temples in the same timeline at the Pyramids at Giza Plateau in Egypt ? " Many people said , it was because of the fact that " In the Vedas it is written that IDOL worship is forbidden , hence , In India at the Earliest Times , Temples were not built " . I found this answer to be complete Bullshit . In India , Give a Rock or A Stone to a Hindu and say that " THIS STONE IS HOLY " and people will start Revering that Stone as a God , and here people are telling me that , because the Vedas say that " IDOL WORSHIP IS FORBIDDEN " hence Indians did not make Temples in the earliest day ?. I will tell you why , In India , Temple construction happened so late compared to Ancient Egypt or Mesopotamia in my next Part . Let us continue from where we left in PART (18) .
Robert Francis Harper, a biblical archeologist and scholar opines on Elamite kingdom of Kudur-Mabug and Rim-Sin 1 and its ultimate destruction by Assur Banipal in 7th century BC, that is the interval of 1300-1400 years of Elamite presence in Elam. And quoted below:
“Hammuravi’s personality quite overshadows any other kings of his time. His personality was very powerful during Abraham's time. His military and administrative ability achieved for him the political supremacy over the cities of Babylonia. This victory has won for him the distinction of being the unifier of the nation of the great cities of the Mesopotamia, a fertile valley. The second royal ally in that league was “Arioch, king of Ellisar (Larsa), named in Genesis immediately after Amraphel. He is now generally recognized as Rim-Sin, the Semitic reading of his archaic name Eri-Aku, king of Larsa, and of other cities in that neighborhood. The city of Larsa within this historical era, according to the short archaic inscriptions that mention it, had three kings of same node. The first ruler was Nur-Adad (Ramman), whose brief inscription tells us that he built two sanctuaries at Larsa dedicated to the moon-god and his consort. He calls himself "shepherd of Ur", besides builder of the temple of Nana (Moon god). The hardy Elamites on the east were looking longingly toward these prosperous cities. Their armies were being vigorously developed to push out the boundaries of their realm. Earlier wars had not entirely settled matters of dispute, nor of comparative strength. The Elamites seem to have made border raids at first. These were followed by systematic plunder of territory and cities, and the conveyance of a great stock of booty to Susa. Such excursions and campaigns covered many years, probably decades, and even centuries, until Elam secured a foothold in Babylonian territory. One of the most notable of these raiders was King KudurnanaNandi Or Kudur Mabug, whose exploits are doubtlessly referred by Ashurbanipal in his report when he conquered Elam about 650 B. C. When Ashurbanipal was young the kingdom of Elam was still at peace with Assurbanipal’s father. However, Urtaku, the Elamite king, attacked Babylonia by surprise and broke the peace. Urtaku died in this ill feted venture against Assyrians in the battle at Ulaya River. He was succeeded by Tempti-Khumma-In-Shushinak who was not his legitimate heir, so many Elamite princes had to flee to Ashurbanipal's court, including Urtaku's oldest son Humban-Nikash. In 658/657 BC the two empires clashed again, when the province of Gambulu in 664 BC rebelled against the Assyrians and Ashurbanipal decided to punish them.”
This may have induced the final migration of scale that took them to Baluchistan where you find Bruhi speakers who are offshoot of Elamites. See motif of Assur Banipal below. Assur Banipal up on acquisition of Susa from Elamites restored the statue of the goddess Nanki (Ishtar) to Erech (Uruk) that the Elamites had carried away 1635 years earlier, or about 2285 B. C. (higher Chronology) presumably the date of the conquest of this region by the Elamite army of Kudur Mabug. The earliest Elamite ruler of lower Babylonia in this period was Kudurmabuk, son of Simti-silhak, the father, king of Umutbal, and a district in western Elam. He also designates himself as governor of Martu, ' thought to refer, not to the so-called "Westland" on the east coast of the Mediterranean sea, but to a western district of the Elamite empire of this period, and probably another Literary remains of Rim-Sin (Arioch), King of Larsa. This brief summary is full of hints for Ramayana experts. Please note the sentence, the statue of Nanki and my explanation further on Sita.
THE MYSTERY OF THE RAMAYANA [ SCHEDULE 1 ] - PART (20) .
There is a mysterious connection between Spain , Mexico and Southern India . I was introduced to this mystery by my father himself when I was a Kid . My father is of the Elamite Bloodline and my mother is of the Austro-Asiatic Bloodline , so I am basically a Cock-Tail Bloodline , anyways , lets look at facts . In Southern India , there is a festival called " Jallikattu " . Jallikattu came in News some years back , because " Social & Animal Rights activists in India " protested that , Using a Bull for a dangerous game like Jallikattu was against Animal Rights . I absolutely agree with the Animal and Social Rights activists , having said that , My father at a young age had informed me that " Jallikattu " was actually a way to make the Common People Ready for War . It was a Physical and Mental exercise to eradicate " FEAR OF BEING KILLED FROM THE MIND " . In Spain , we know they still have " BULL RUNS " , In Mexico , " BULL FIGHT " . You see the same Bloodline is interconnected by mysterious ways . The " BULL " was very sacred for the Elamites , Assyrians and Even today " Dravidians " of India still revere the BULL as " Nandi " . Infact the original Tamil word was " Pandi " meaning a BULL . The Whole Problem which Spain is facing today as " Catalonia Uprising or Catalan for independence " which everyday is flooding our Newsfeeds , News Papers in the International Segment of News , is because , they are Not the Bloodline of the Spanish People . They are the ancient Elamite Bloodline . I told you , I will share the reason why In India , Temples were not built , Well I will in my next Post for sure . Let us continue from where we left in PART ( 19) .
The following conclusion can be arrived at:
1. The exact date for Rim-Sin 1, Kudur Mabug vs. Hammu-Ravi cannot be easily ascertained due to conflicting chronology. Hammu-Ravi, if contemporary was an ally of Rim-sin 1. He may have fought Rim-sin II for the control of Mesopotamia or could be an ally but later on he took over kingdom of Larsa. Ann porter has suggested that sinmubalit was the third son of Kudur Mabug and Dr. D. T. Potts suggested that Manzi Wartash was the fourth son of Kudur-Mabug thus agreeing with Ramayana’s account.
2. The kidnapping of statue Nanki (Ishtar-Inanna) and also the high priestess by Ravana (Silli-Adad) probably invited the wrath of Kudur-Mabug and his sons. Ramayana asserts that Rim-sin along with his other brother carried the bulk of fighting to defeat Ravana. The aim was to capture a strategic city of commercial importance and religious place of worship. Kudur Mabug family worshipped Sin deity first before they worshipped sun deity “Utu” and kidnapping of statue from worshipping place of moon god gave Kudur Mabug an excuse to invade Larsa.
3. The kings were always dietified and attained a very high status as close to the power of divinity in the ancient world.
4. If Larsa can be equated with Lanka as illustrated above due to variation of speech and oral tradition of antiquity, same logic should follow with the names of king, such as Rim-sin, Rama, Arioch and Eri-Aku.
5. Therefore, Ramayana was the epic of Elamite that was brought over to India through waves of Elamite migration in early antiquity prior to the arrival of Vedic Aryans or through the trading relationship with ancient Larsa and Elam.
6. As some of the unearthed tablets suggest that during Rim-Sin’s time, the ecology of Mesopotamia was changing and there were wars for control of water resources and foods. The years of sequential droughts and resulting famine changed the fate of Mesopotamia and Indus Valley people. This climatic event initiated the migration of Elamites to the eastward towards the subcontinent region where they may have originated as per Genetic migration theory.
7. During those lean years, most of the struggles involved the control of water resources and kidnapping of patron deities and their statues.
8. During most of the Rim-sin’s reign after his father’s death, the condition must have improved with better irrigation and control of water resources and the people enjoyed the continuous prosperity and that is why Ramayana deftly described that period as “Ram Rajya”.
9. Later on Aryan layer to Indian epic was added by scribe Viśvāmitra and others to include Vedic pantheon in the narrative of Ramayana epic.
10. Silli-Adad who assumed the title of God of Thunderer (Adad, Ramman), was the usurper of Nur-Adad dynasty as he was the governor of Uruk and was working for Nur-Adad and controlled the temple and priestess of the temple. He may have hijacked them to Larsa (Equivalent to the kidnapping of Sita of Ramayana). See dynasty chart below.
11. The small river between Larsa and Uruk probably divided the path to city of Larsa and small wooden bridge can be easily constructed to cross the river. In one of the tablet found in the palace of Shin-kashid at Uruk tells us that 1.5 minas of gold (750 grams) were spent in constructing a vessel (boat) for Elam (Durand 1992). So, sea faring vessels were available for naval warfare to carry troops, so Rama Setu is an issue of misunderstanding of geography that was handed down through ancestor’s memories.
THE MYSTERY OF THE RAMAYANA [ SCHEDULE 1 ] - PART (21) .
Rim-Sin has left us several inscriptions. His inscriptions reveal his ancestry, regal position, his achievement and his devotion to God as a king. His inscription also reveals his political relation with other cities of Mesopotamia. Since he is mentioned in Genesis 14 as a king of Ellisar (Larsa) indicates that this city was so closely associated with Abraham’s city Ur and he was recognized in the quadruple alliance as a pre-eminent king. The inscriptions of Rim-Sin are comparatively short, and all are written in the archaic ideographic language of the early Mesopotamia. The language present the usual difficulties found in the decipherment and Interpretation of the early sign language as Indians in layman’s term may call this as “Ram Boli” dated to the as early as third millennium B.C. Perhaps, this is the same language was used in Indus valley region as well.
Rim sin was succeeded after Warad Sin and Rim-Sin ruled for 61 years. It is believed that Kudur-Mabug had died when Rim-sin took the throne of his entire kingdom. No reason is given on this tablet for the transfer of royal power other than data supplied from Ramayana. Rim-Sin became the lord of the all lands between Mediterranean to river Indus and north up to Central Asian steppe stretching from North of Turkey to Baltic states. This comprised the world of known civilization and that was his greatest achievement. If Sin-mubalit was the third son of Kudur- Mabug and Hammu-Ravi was the son of sin-Mubalit, it makes sense for them to be an ally during the battle of Siddim as described in Genesis. If this is a different sin-mubalit then they were allies. The author stipulates that Hammuravi was more powerful than any sons of Rim-sin 1, so he emerged as a lord of the empire. The population was intermixed constantly during early ages. Some assyrilogists contend that Sin-mubalit was the son of Apil sin but no inscription is found for either sin mubalit or Apil sin that was considered of Amorites origin. So, there is a confusion regarding ancestry of Sinmubalit and Apil sin who controlled early Babylonia or Shinar which was the small settlement.
THE MYSTERY OF THE RAMAYANA [ SCHEDULE 1 ] - PART (22) .
Let us now understand the mystery as to " WHY IN INDIA THE MOST OLDEST TEMPLE IS DATED TO 106-108 C.E ? " and not as old as 3000 B.C.E as in the case of the Egyptian Pyramids at Giza ? The reason is , anybody who has read the Vedas , Puranas and Ramayana will understand the sequence of Events were happening outside of India and not in India . Only the Mahabharata and the Upanishads , Shastras , Tamil Sangam texts , Buddhist Sanskrit and Pali texts were written in India . India is actually the Greatest Library of the World , but not the original Printing Press for the Vedas , Puranas and Ramayana , though it is a fact that these texts were written in Indus Saraswati Civilization , but the events talked about are that of the Sumerians , Assyrians , Elamites ,Nubians and the Egyptians . The Mahabharata epic happened in India and that is the reason , why only one version of the Mahabharata exists , unlike the multiple versions of the Ramayana , because the whole story happened , far off in Lands of Mesopotamia and thereby , much of the Clarity required multiple editions to sum up the story . Once the Elamites were routed out King Assurbanipal , the Elamites entered into India . Some went towards West and some stayed back in Middle East itself . Those who returned back , went on to be called " DRA VEDA " or Dravidians . Along with them , came the story of Ramayana into India and the BULL , " NANDI " of " AJI PATI " , Rudra's name , which even today is used and called as " EGYPT " . Those who stayed back in Middle East , became " Yazidis " . Those who lived back in Central Asia and Eastern Europe , called themselves " Kurds " and those who went to the extreme South America were called " Mayans " . And some separated and branched out in various countries of Europe , one of the identified poeple are the Catalonians of Spain . THE BULL WILL STAND , is what Dravdians have always said . The Elamites have retained their History . Let us continue from where we left in PART (21) .
Prominent figures of Ramayana:
Shulgi or Sulgi Shulgi of Mesopotamia also read as Dungi was a second king of Ur in the Third Dynasty of Ur. He reigned for 58 years, from 2092 BC–1934 BC confirmed by Nippur tablet. His accomplishments include the completion of construction of the Great Ziggurat of Ur. Shulgi was the son of Ur-Nammu king of Ur, according to one later text (CM 48); by a daughter of the former king Utu-hengal of Uruk. Shortly after his father's death, Shulgi engaged in a series of punitive wars against the Gutians to avenge his father. The only activity recorded in the year-names for his first few years involved temple construction. Shulgi is best known for his extensive revision of the scribal school's curriculum. Although, it is unclear how much he actually wrote, there are numerous praise poems written by and directed towards this ruler. He proclaimed himself a God in his 23rd regnal year. Shulgi was followed by Amar-sin, Su-sin and Abbi-sin. He is also featured in Ramayana. He is the only figure remains unchanged with his original name from Mesopotamia to India. If this is the Sulgi who joins Rama of Ramayana then Genesis chronology of 2000 BC appears to be more correct than Larsa’s internal chronology. The numbers of years may not have been recorded correctly.
There are no references found in any discovered tablet of any wives of Rim-sin I yet, other than references cited in Ramayana. The exiles and kidnapping are not mentioned in any tablet discovered so far. There are two possibilities.
1. If Sita was the real person and customary to Mesopotamian tradition, she was the priestess of the temple of Nana or Nanki, she may have been taken to Larsa from Uruk against her wish. If Rim-sin married her that will be after the capture of Larsa as Ravana’s rule as per Larsa tablet merely lasted a year. Up on her death, she was dietified just like Rim-sin.
2. Another possibility is that Silli-Adad or Ravan stole the statue of Ishtar or Inanna, a consort to Sun/moon deity and Rama was in a mission to recover the statue. There is no confirmation of Sita as a real person in any discovered tablets or any hints that she being the members of Rim-sin’s family. This remains a real mystery. The stealing of the statue of patron deity was very common in the ancient world. The Goddess Ishtar, Akkadian-Distar, Sumerian-Dingir Inanna was the goddess of fertility, love, war, and sex. She is the counterpart to the Sumerian Inanna, and is the cognate for the Northwest Semitic Aramaean Goddess Astarte. So, it remains a challenge or a puzzle for archeologist and historians that kidnapping of “Sita” of Ramayana was the theft of the idol of Ishtar and or the kidnapping of chief priestess for which the war was fought as per Ramayana. The war more likely was a struggle for the strategic commercial waterways for trade, other resources and control of holy places and Ravana provided the excuse what Elamite were looking for? Ramayana does not provide that answer but the discovered tablet does provide the clues of the fight the control of the resources.
THE MYSTERY OF THE RAMAYANA [ SCHEDULE 1 ] - PART (23) .
After being routed out by King Assurbanipal , The Elamites returned back to India . As I had also stated that , there were two sets of Elamites . One which was already residing in India and one set had gone West . This particular set of people were the Ones , who created the First Known Civilization after the Great Ice Age of the 12th -11th Century B.C.E was over . They created the Civilization called " SUMERU " , Su - Meaning Good People , Meru as the Mountain Meru . " Good People of the Mountain MERU ". With their return , came the story of RAMAYANA . Being thrown out of their ancient Lands , the Elamites started renaming places of ancient Meluha ( Melukha , or Today's India ) as per the names they had in their own Homeland . The Aryans would enter much later into India . The Elamites started renaming the places . The Capital of Rama " AGADE " got a new place in India as " Ayodhya " . All the names , they remembered of their homeland were given to places in India , which made them remember their ancient ancestry . All of a sudden , India became the Old Mesopotamia . Being accustomed to making " HUGE STONE STRUCTURES CALLED ZIGGURATS ( Temples ) , they restarted creating their old disturbed legacy again with new HOPE . It is amazing to note that , TEMPLES MADE OUT OF PURE STONES AND ROCKS are mostly found in the Dravidian belts of India and North East of India . Infact , not to forget , EVEN TODAY , THE PASHUPATI TEMPLE in NEPAL , is presided by Brahmins who are selected only from the Dravidian states of Tamil Nadu , Karnataka , Andhra Pradesh , Kerala and Telangana . No Nepali Brahmin is allowed to be the HEAD PRIEST . May I ask Why ? STONE TEMPLES , THAT'S WHY !!! Let us continue from where we left in PART (22) .
Mythological view of Sita based on Gilgamesh and Ramayana:
There are some parallels in the Epics of Gilgamesh and Ramayana of India. Gilgamesh epic was originated in Mesopotamia, while Ramayana epic originated in India. Two different stories but on parallel tracks conveys the same messages to mankind.
1. The investment of faith in God is the supreme objective.
2. God’s work and words of wisdom are the duties and moral obligation for all mankind to follow and that is called “Dharma’.
3. Sita in Ramayana is said to be swallowed by the earth (underworld). In Sumerian and Akkadian mythology, Ereshkigal, wife of Nergal, was the goddess of Irkalla, the land of the dead (Underworld). She managed the destiny of those who were beyond the grave, in the Underworld, where she was the queen. It was said that she had been stolen away by Kur and taken to the Underworld, where she was made queen unwillingly. She is actually the twin sister of Enki. Ereshkigal was the only one who could pass judgment and give laws in her kingdom and her name means "Lady of the Great Place", "Lady of the Great Earth", or "Lady of the Great Below". Her main temples were at Kutha and Sippar in Mesopotamia. Later, Ereshkigal was also Inanna and Ishtar. The red underlined themes of Gilgamesh Epic are the same as Ramayana Epic, The goddess Ishtar (Inanna) was the patron and special goddess of the ancient Sumerian city of Erech (Uruk, Ur), the City of Gilgamesh. As Queen of heaven, she was associated with the Evening Star or the Moon (Nanki of Larsa). She may also have been associated with the brightest stars in the heavens, as she is sometimes symbolized by an eight-pointed star, a seven-pointed star, or a four pointed star.
THE MYSTERY OF THE RAMAYANA [ SCHEDULE 1 ] - PART (24) .
The Elamites had started to create the Old Mesopotamia in India after their arrival . They started making temples . Now another question comes here . If the Ramayana never happened in India , then " WHO MADE THE RAMA SETU ( ADAM'S BRIDGE ) ? " . Hindus will never accept this fact that Ramayana never happened here until it is proven that " Rama Setu is not man made " . The question is simple . Now let us understand , How this science happened . You see , in the Tamil Sangam texts and the Temple records of that Era it is clearly mentioned that , there was a Road Bridge which connected India and Sri Lanka upto the late 15th Century and Early 16th Century of the Common Era and people could simply walk across between India and Srilanka. Most scholars also believe that the Rama Setu or Adam's Bridge connecting India with Srilanka is MAN MADE . Even I believe it was a Man Made Bridge , though I would want the scientific community to give more clarity . It is a known fact that when the last Great Ice Age happened sometime between 12th -11th Century B.C.E , Sri Lanka of today was not an Island , but a part of the present day Indian Landmass itself .
Now , if We have a road and there are small potholes that starts appearing , what will we do ? Simple . We will will start filling up those potholes , so that the journey is smooth . Similarly , when the sea waters started rising in the Indian Ocean and slowly but very slowly waters started to make Sri Lanka start moving away from the Indian Landmass , what would people do ? They would start making a Bridge to the extent to which the water had gobbled up the landmass connectivity . As the waters kept rising , they kept making the Bridge longer and higher than before . As the centuries passed , with the Ice Age effect loosening , more water , more labour to connect and the Bridge finally got a shape . But then by 15th to 16th Century , it had become impossible to continue this effort and hence the Bridge still exists , but mostly submerged . It was a Human made Bridge , but Rama had nothing to do with it. Humanity had . Let us continue from where we left in PART (23) .
In the earliest traditions, Inanna was the daughter of An, the Sky, Ki, the Earth (both of Uruk and Warka). In later Sumerian traditions, she is the daughter of Nanna (Narrar), the Moon God and Ningal, the Moon Goddess Nanki (both of Ur). So, if Silli-Adad stole the statue of Goddess when he was the governor of Uruk, that will make Kudur-Mabug and Rim-Sin both who were devoted worshipper of moon and Sun gods very angry to retrieve the statue back from Larsa that Elamite held for several centuries until Assurbanipal took it away when he attacked Elam after fifteen centuries later. This underlines the statements I stated earlier as what the ancient believed.
If none of the tablets are or were discovered or will be discovered in the future that proves the historicity of Sita, then above explanation may apply and that is the task of historian to separate myths from the historicity.
THE MYSTERY OF THE RAMAYANA [ SCHEDULE 1 ] - PART (25) .
Another mysterious question is " If Ramayana never happened in India , how come there are evidences in Srilanka , like Foot step of Hanuman , The Ashoka Vatika ( where Sita was kept by Ravana in seclusion ) , Temple where Sita's tears fell , Temple where Sita bathed etc etc" . These questions are complicated and that is why I always say " USE YOUR THIRD EYE " . Now let me explain . The Elamites were the same people , who created the Massive Ziggurats of the ancient world . Stone / Rock carving is not a new phenomenon for this Bloodline . They are time tested and absolute genius of Stone / Rock work . I realized this gravity , when I visited some of the most ancient Dravidian temples of Southern India. These people knew geometry and the secret behind the mathematical " Pi " just exactly like the Ancient Egyptians , who built the Great Pyramids of Giza . Infact Swami Vivekananda on his visit to the Great Pyramids said and I quote " Built by Indians " . If they could build Ziggurats , can't they scratch a bit of stone and make " Footprints ? " . Can't they make a replica of what they intended to REMEMBER of their Ancient History ? And to also note , that The Christian Bible has been edited and revised over a thousand times , similarly the Ramayana has been edited and redone almost 9 times . It Straight away points , there was and still is THE ANOMALY . You do not edit TRUTH , DO YOU ? Valmiki's original Ramayana ends with Victory of Rama over Ravana and the safe return of Rama , Sita , Laksman and the Banar Sena ( The Monkey Soldiers including Hanuman ) . However , somebody edited the texts much later and added the complicating story of Lava and Kusha ( the two sons of Rama including the story of Sita's Agnipariksha which was never in the original text) . Why it was done , well you don't need to be a Nuclear Scientist to understand this simple mystery. Let us continue from where we left in PART (24)
Another key figure of Ramayana who is associated with Rama was Hanuman. Mesopotamia seal do not describe anything about Hanuman’s existence. Hanuman is described as son of “vayu” (wind) and he can fly with his strong build. Enlil, Ninlil and Pazuzu were the gods of winds in ancient Mesopotamia. Particularly, Enlil was one of the supreme deities of the Mesopotamian pantheon. He decreed the fates, his command could not be altered, and he was the god who granted kingship. His temple, “E-Kur”, the "Mountain House," was located in the city of Nippur, the religious centre of Mesopotamia up until the second millennium BCE. His temple was the most important temple in all of southern Mesopotamia. Hanuman resided in the mountain as per Ramayana.
Enlil-Bani, the king of Nippur who became vassal to Larsa and subordinate to Larsa may be Hanuman of Ramayana. There are certain similarities that are striking. Enlil- Bani means the son of wind (Vayu). The control of Nippur fluctuated between Isin and Larsa. Nippur paid Tribute to Larsa along with military service on demand to Rim-Sin and Kudur-Mabug when Nippur surrendered to Elamite. See Enlil-Bani’s Inscription, CBS 13909: So, Hanuman was a vassal and dietified as a king after his death and Ramayana treat him that way. He was instrumental as an ally in conquest of Larsa.
“In Nippur I established justice, and promoted righteousness. I sought out nourishment for them like sheep, and fed them with fresh grass. I removed the heavy yoke from their necks and settled them down in a firm place. Having established justice in Nippur and made their hearts content, I established justice and righteousness in Isin and made the heart of the land content. I reduced the barley-tax, which had been at one-fifth, to one-tenth. The muškēnum [nb 3] served only four days in the month. The livestock of the palace had grazed on the fields of … who had cried out with the appeal, “O Šamaš” - I turned the palace livestock out of their ploughed fields and banished those people’s cries of “O Šamaš (sun God).”
Enlil-Bani once were a gardener and rose to become a king of Nippur. Being a gardener, he may have knowledge of the curative properties of the plants and perhaps was useful in treating the wounded heroes of Ramayana during the war and conflict. Olaf Alfred Toffteen in his book ancient chronology observed that: “Kudur- Mabug, prince of Umutbal belonged to 2200 BC (higher chronology). It is more likely that the river Shat- l-Hai belonged to KudurMabug.
Thereafter, he succeeded in capturing Larsa and installing his son Eri-Aku (Rama) as a king of Larsa. In few years, Kudur-Mabug and his son Eri-Aku (Rim-sin 1) conquered all of Mesopotamia. There are two inscription of Kudur-Mabug concerning these events.
1. Kudur-Mabug, lord of Umutbal (“e” and “U” are interchangeable), son of Simti-silhak and his son Eri-Aku (Rim-sin), exalted shepherd of Nippur, the rebuilder of Ur, king of Sumer and Akkad.
2. To Nanar, his Lord, has Kudur Mabug, king of Martu, son of Simti- silhak, built Nanar’s temple E-Nunmakh, because he has heard his prayer for his own life and life of his son Eri-Aku (Rim-sin), king of Larsa.
The above inscription clearly establishes the Rim-Sin weighed heavily in the minds of Kudur-Mabug even though Warad was allowed to rule and take credit for 12 years as stated in his inscriptions. Other clarity is observed when he states that Eri-Aku was the shepherd of Nippur. Sin-mubalit who we propose to be Laxman of Ramayana but he also oversaw the Maskan-Shapir and Babylon but remained a vassal for Rimsin. But the description of Hanuman as a son of Vayu (wind) clearly points towards Enlil-Bani as Enlil was the god of wind. Hanuman people are called “Maruti”, a place from Marut?
THE MYSTERY OF INDIA : THE MYSTERY OF THE RAMAYANA [ SCHEDULE 1 ] - PART (26) .
We all know that in the Vedas , Puranas and the Ramayana , the word " Assura " is mentioned . Indians have been brainwashed to believe that " Assuras " were Demons / Devils / Evil etc. The Real meaning of " Assura " is Assyrian , the people of ancient Mesopotamia . As I have revealed so far in this mystery that the " Story of Ramayana " happened in ancient Mesopotamia and not India . The Vedics of the Indus Saraswati Civilization ( Harappa + Mohenjedaro ) were writing about the accounts that were happening in ancient Mesopotamia . The Word " Assura " was to mean Assyria . The ancient Mesopotamia comprised of Today's Iraq , Syria , Parts of Southern Iran and the surrounding nearby Areas . I will be sharing more detailed images of the same in my next Posts . The Whole story of Ramayana is an actual historical account which has been , fabricated in many ways to make it appealing to its readers , in order to ensure that people feel , it be having a divine orientation . The reason possibly was to ensure that , people never forget this story . Human Beings are have very short memories . People forget the simplest of facts that , at this time , when One of You is reading this post , " YOU ARE TRAVELLING AT AN AVERAGE SPEED OF OVER 66,600 MILES / PER 24 HOUR " as our Planet rotates , which is about 18.5 Miles / Per Second . We are shooting in space at a speed even faster than a Bullet out of a gun . The Human memory is far weak. People forget that , our Planet is moving ANTI-CLOCKWISE , But our TIME IS CLOCKWISE Moving ahead . The fear of Death is something Mankind will never forget , because We are caught in TIME , while our planet moves ANTI -TIME . This fear is the reason , Humans need Gods and hence , The Vedics decided to add part into the Ramayana to make it appear GODLY and they were successful . Every God fearing / God Loving Hindu , because of this , KNOWS THE RAMAYANA , BY HEART !!! No wonder the Vedas state " TIME IS MAYA / TIME IS AN ILLUSION " .
Let us now , continue from where we left in PART (25) and we continue to understand , WHO WAS HANUMAN ? cos , we had left midway yesterday .
Ann Porter in her book on mobile Pastoralism and the formation of near eastern civilization confirms Sinmubalit as a son of Kudur- Mabug. Sin-mubalit ruled Maskan-Shapir and Babylon for Kudur Mabug. There is confusion among Assyrilogists as to who was Sin-Mubalit, a vassal, or a governor? Babylon at that time was a small settlement called Shinar and did not exist as a large city of Chaldean or Neo-Assyrian period.Hammu-ravi was the son of Sin-Mubalit and if Sin-Mubalit was the son of Kudur-Mabug, it is unlikely that he would have ousted Rim-Sin 1 or Rim Sin 2 but would have taken control of dynasty succession as a normal practice as family heir after Rim sin 2’s death. The migration to the subcontinents was in waves and may have taken many routes.
THE MYSTERY OF INDIA : THE MYSTERY OF THE RAMAYANA [ SCHEDULE 2 ] - PART (1) .
The Creation of the world by Trinity:
In Hindu mythology, the “triad” or the trinity of Gods is:
“Brahma” (Creator), “Vishnu” (preserver) and “Shiva” (Destroyer). The last two are depicted as blue deities. In Sumerian mythology, the trinity is An (Anu), Enki and Enlil. Hindu Gods are composite gods while Sumerian gods are early versions of them with some specific responsibilities, however some obvious similarities are self evident.
Anu, An, (Anunaki / Annunagi in Sanskrit ):
In Sumerian mythology, Anu (also An; from Sumerian An, "sky, heaven") was a sky-god, the god of heaven, lord of constellations, king of gods, spirits and demons, and dwelt in the highest heavenly regions. It was believed that he had the power to judge those who had committed crimes, and that he had created the stars as soldiers to destroy the wicked. His attribute was the royal tiara. His attendant and minister of state was the god illabrat. He was one of the oldest gods in the Sumerian pantheon and part of a triad including Enlil (god of the air) and Enki (god of water). He was called Anu by the later Akkadians in Babylonian culture. Anu is so prominently associated with the E-Anna temple in the city of Uruk (biblical Erech) in southern Babylonia that there are good reasons for believing this place to be the original seat of the Anu cult. If this is correct, then the goddess Inanna (or Ishtar) of Uruk may at one time have been his consort.
On the other hand, Vishnu in Hinduism is the supreme lord same as Anu, the preserver and protector of humanity. He is also considered king of Gods. Hindu believes that Vishnu's eternal and supreme abode beyond the material universe is called “Vaikuntha”, the realm of eternal bliss and happiness and the final or highest place for liberated souls who have attained Moksha that is heaven similar to but not nearly identical functionally as Anu. Rama of Ramayana and Krishna of Mahabharata are considered to be reincarnation of the supreme God Vishnu, sent earth to destroy the evils as per Hindu mythology.
Enki (Sumerian), Ea (Akkadian) started out as patron God of Eridu, ancient Mesopotamian city. During the later period, this cult spread and its influences spread to every major cities of Mesopotamia and the region of Canaan and Anatolia, then occupied by Hebrews, Hittites and Hurrians and other tribes. He became the ultimate God of Creation, intelligence, skills and many other things. He can be nearly equated with God Brahma. Early royal inscriptions from the third millennium BC mention links Enki to the Kur or underworld of Sumerian mythology. His portray as a God of life and refurbishment in Sumerian mythology. God Enki was often depicted with two streams of water, originating from his shoulders. They are Rivers Tigris and Euphrates. Alongside him were animals symbolizing the female and male aspects of the nature, each holding the female and male aspects of the living beings? The tablet inscription of MS 5103 is given below. MS 5103 is in the Neo Sumerian language on clay tablet from Babylonia dated to 1900-1700 BC. This tablet is 10.6x5.0x2.2 cm, single column, 26 lines in cuneiform script, and the lines on reverse are missing. This can be considered as part of composite God Shiva of Hinduism where Ganga flows from his head and he is holding the bull at his feet.
“CREATION OF THE WORLD, SUMERIAN MYTH: IN DISTANT DAYS, IN THOSE DAYS, AFTER DESTINIES HAD BEEN DECREED, AFTER AN AND ENLIL HAD SET UP THE REGULATIONS FOR HEAVEN AND EARTH, ENKI, THE EXALTED KNOWING GOD, LIKE A HIGH PRIEST WITH WIDE KNOWLEDGE, ENLIL-BANDA, IN THE LANDS WAS THEIR RULER. BY THE RULES FOR HEAVEN AND EARTH, THE FIXED RULES, HE SET UP CITIES. - HE DUG THE TIGRIS AND THE EUPHRATES. THEREUPON HE ESTABLISHED THE RULES OF THE LANDS. HE SET UP HAND-WASHING RITES, HE SET UP LIBATIONS”.
THE MYSTERY OF THE RAMAYANA [ SCHEDULE 2 ] - PART (2) .
Hinduism is said to be the Oldest surviving Religion in the World and which is very correct . But Hinduism is actually the last surviving link of an even older Religious philosophy called " PAGAN / PAGANISM " by Western scholars , while Hindus call it as " Sanatan Dharma " . The Jewish religion is also one of the Oldest surviving religions of the World . I have enormous respect for the " Hebrew Bible " or the Jewish " Torah ". The Jewish religion is the second oldest surviving religion in the World . Hence , I found it very important that I read " The Old Testament " and There Right in Front of Me , was staring the Biggest truth of Humanity .The mysterious connection of the Vedas , Puranas and the Jewish Torah . We need to understand that " ALL THE GREATEST NON-SENSE " rightly called as " RELIGIONS " happened in the last 6000 years of " Kaliyuga " .
Enlil was another supreme deity of the Sumerian pantheon. He decreed the fates of the humans; his command could not be changed and was the god who granted kingship. His temple at E-Kur, the "Mountain House," was located in the city of Nippur, the religious centre of Mesopotamia up until the second millennium BCE. His temple was the most important temple in all of southern Mesopotamia. There has been some debate concerning the writing, etymology, and hence meaning of Enlil's name so his function remains confusing. These elements are important to discuss because they also relate to this analysis. The writing and reading of this deity's name is not certain. Earlier it means to understand Ghost or invisible god but later interpretation of Sumerian word “lil” as a “wind” suggests this interpretation and it seem to makes some common sense. This has led to the interpretation of Enlil's name as "Lord Wind" or "Lord Air" (Jacobsen 1989). This understanding led some Assyrilogists to reconstruct the meaning of Sumerian trinity as the god “An” (heavens), “Enlil” (atmosphere equated to Varun of Vedic Aryan), and Enki (earth), but this is still a problematic explanation. In Hindu mythology, Enlil can be equated as a powerful, devastating god like Shiva rather than as a specific "storm deity of “Varun", see reference “The Lament for Sumer and Urim”,ETCSL 2.2.3.
THE MYSTERY OF THE RAMAYANA [ SCHEDULE 2 ] - PART (3) .
Anybody educated would Question my Post in PART (2) of [ SCHEDULE 2 ] , Where I mentioned that " Jewish Religion is the Second Oldest Surviving Religion in the World " , You know why , because " Jainism " and " Buddhism " also surviving religions actually predate " Jewish religion " . And they would be absolutely RIGHT as far as Chronology of History and Time is concerned and 10,000% Percent Wrong , because They Believe Jainism and Buddhism are Religions. In Both Jainism and Buddhism " THERE ARE NO GODS " . Both these philosophies , believe in Eternal self governance . They believe in self control . These two philosophies of Jainism and Buddhism are followers of Ajivikas that " KNOWLEDGE IS THE SUPREME GOD " . Western world calls them " Who do not believe in God as ATHEISTS " and Atheism is not a Religion , it is a philosophy that states " Do not do to others , what you do not want them to do on you . Respect Nature . Never Kill unless , unless that is the last resort of your survival as food " . Infact in Buddhism , eating meat is questionable because Gautama Buddha was served " Pork " on his last meal , which made him sick to the end , he finally died . In Jainism , the Digambara sect is absolutely strict on " NO MEAT FOR FOOD , INCLUDING ONIONS " . But Jainism and Buddhism are not Religions , ATHEISM ( NOT BELIEVING IN GOD ) is a philosophy which even Hindus have called " Nastik " and it is as old as Religion itself and hence Jewish religion is the second oldest religion as I mentioned in PART (2) . Let us continue from where we left in PART (2) .
Ramayana-A short narrative of how Ravana gets killed by Rama:
We find various meaning of the word “Ravana”, the evil king of Lanka. The literal translation from Sanskrit is "crying" or "causing to cry", suggesting he was a tormentor and a cruel ruler. Pargiter summarizes the word "Ravana" may originally have been a Sanskritisation of Tamil word “Iraivan” meaning in Tamil or Dravidian for a lord or a king.
As per Ramayana, Ravana's grandfather was “Malyavan” (or Nur-Adad of Mesopotamia) who was against the war with Rama (Rim-sin). This is indirectly suggestive that Silli-Adad was the Grand Son through other wives in charge of Uruk as a governor, who usurped his natural successor (Nur Adad) and assumed his title. How Noor Adad successor was usurped? Ravana sought out his maternal grandfather Sumali who agreed to assume the leadership over his army. He then set his sights on capturing the island city of Lanka (Larsa) prior to the capture of Elamite army of Kudur Mabug and his sons.
Rama with his brother led an army into battle and defeated Ravana and his forces. Rama successfully led a siege on Lanka in order to free Sita. Sita had been imprisoned in Lanka after Ravana kidnapped her while Rama was pursuing a golden deer. Rama had learned that Sita was in Lanka after sending Hanuman as a spy, who secretly infiltrated Ravana's kingdom at Larsa. Rama built the bridge over the (Mesopotamian river) water across the sea? Rama's forces crossed the bridge into Lanka and a great battle ensued. The mythology combined with the history continues. Upon Ravana's entrance into battle, Rama immediately stepped up to fight this “twenty-armed foe”. The two fought tirelessly. Indra sent down his chariot, as well as charioteer, Matali, to aid Rama. Mahodara, Ravana's great giant, attacked Rama before he was able to engage Ravana. However, in moments Mahodara's lifeless body fell to the ground. Rama then engaged Ravana, each of them was firing their most powerful weapons at one another. It seemed as if neither one was capable of destroying the other. They flew around the world in its entirety multiple times. With every one of Ravana's attacks, Rama met it with the perfect defense, avoiding major damage. After piercing Ravana's body with hundreds of arrows, Rama finally used the Brahmasthra. By employing this powerful weapon, Rama was able to defeat Ravana. After defeating Ravana, Sita and Rama were reunited. The emphasis on the type and use of weapon described is important to compare with Rim-Sin’s year names and his accomplishment. These descriptive narratives in Rim-Sin’s tablet as shown below perfectly match Ramayana’s description.
Without question the God Enlil, Anu and Enki, trinity forms the supreme Mesopotamian triad of deities assist and blesses Rim-Sin in his success. Moreover, Enlil's prominence and power can be seen in his titles and epithets: "The Great Mountain" (ETCSL 1.1.3: 3), "King of all the lands" (Vase Inscription of Lugalzagesi ( 2370 BC) (Wang 2011: 134), "Father of the black headed people" (The Lament for Nibru, ETCSL 2.2.4: 134) "Father of the gods", (The death of Gilgamesh, ETCSL 1.8.13: 12), and "Nunamnir", "The well respected" (An Adab to Enlil for Sulgi, ETCSL 2.4.2.07: 2), the latter being Enlil's name that is only mentioned in literary and religious texts. Moreover, Enlil's position was established as a supreme deity.
The below inscription clearly shows that Rim-Sin (Rama-Chandra) of Ramayana was truly religious and Dharmic and had done number of things for his people to make their life happier (Ram Rajya). He was also favored by trinity of Mesopotamian gods for his good deeds. He was granted some mythical powerful weapons. When Ramayana reached to India, an “Aryan layer” was added to the epic with similar myths. Hindu pantheons replaced Mesopotamian gods. However, some characters are historical but Gilgamesh story comes handy when it comes to Ishtar.
THE MYSTERY OF THE RAMAYANA [ SCHEDULE 2 ] - PART (4) . [ END OF RAMAYANA MYSTERY ]
Indus-saraswati valley and Mesopotamia:
In number of our write-ups, we pointed out the connection between Indus valley civilization and Mesopotamia. The Royal inscription of Akkadian time 2300-2400 BC in MS 2814 clearly provide the proof when Mehula was an important Indus city probably today’s Mohenjo-Daro.
ROYAL INSCRIPTION COMMEMORATING DEFEAT OF MAGAN, MELUKHAM (Mehula), ELAM (?), AND AMURRU, AND ESTABLISHMENT OF REGULAR OFFERINGS TO HIS STATUE:
MS2814 is in Neo Sumerian and Old Babylonian text on clay tablet dated to Sumerian period of 2100-1800 BC. This tablet is sized at 14.8x14.0x3.3 cm arranged in 3+3 columns, 103 lines in cuneiform script.
The text was copied from a Sargonic royal inscription from a statue in the Ur III or early Old Babylonian period. Magan was at Oman and at the Iranian side of the Gulf. Meluhha or Melukhha or Meluhha was the Indus Valley port city at Indus river now land locked (2500- 1800 BC). This is one of fairly few references to the Indus civilization on tablets. The 3 best known references are:
1. Sargon of Akkad (2334-2279 BC) referring to ships from Meluhha, Magan and Dilmun;
2. Naram-Sin (2254-2218 BC) referring to rebels to his rule, listing the rebellious kings, including '(...) ibra, man of Melukhha'; and
3. Gudea of Lagash (2144-2124 BC) referring to Meluhha that came from their country and sold gold dust, carnelian, etc.
There are further references in literary texts. But after 1760 BC, Melukhha is not mentioned any more. Since the climatic change as well as change of river course probably killed the agriculture and famine condition made people move elsewhere. Similar situation in Mesopotamia forced the people to Northward towards the mouth of Euphrates and Tigris. It is quite possible that the similar migration may have taken place in subcontinent in North, south and East For Indus connection, the tablets of importance are: MSS 4602, 4617, 4619, 5059, 5061, 5062 and 5065. After that there are no other discovered tablets that mentions IV region. .
After review of Rim-sin inscription tablet, it is becoming obvious that similar references exists in Hindu epic Ramayana with particular reference to powerful weapon, public works for the welfare of the people and long enduring rule that was very uncommon of his period. Epic Ramayana derives its inspiration from oral history brought over to India and Aryan layer was added to the story. Ramayana remains the epic of Tamil speaker while Mahabharata remains an epic of Indo-Iranian language speakers.Ibbi-sum or Vibhisun of Uruk: The Sumerian tablet provides the reference of the king of Uruk named Ibbi-sum in same time period as Sulgi around 2085 BC. The same place Silli Adad came from and Larsa ruled Uruk.
However, the chronology remains in flux so it is quite possible that Rim-sin. Sulgi and Ibbisum were contemporaries but one cannot be certain. It is quite possible as Rama acquired his father’s kingdom, he may moved to Mashkan Shapir at nearby site of ancient Agade (Ayodhya), while handing down the affairs of Larsa to Ibbi-sum as per Ramayana. Ibbi-sum then would have functioned as Governor under Rim-sin.
With this we end the " MYSTERY OF THE RAMAYANA " .