WHO WAS MOSES OF THE BIBLICAL ACCOUNT ?
The theory that Moses was the Egyptian Pharaoh Akhenaten has been kicked around for quite some time. First I will present the “evidence” usually offered to support this theory, then I will reconstruct the theory for all of you to better understand , how there is much evidence from the Testaments ( The Old Testament or the Jewish Torah and the New Testament or the Christian Bible ) itself to prove that Moses was actually nobody else but the Ancient Egyptian Pharaoh Akhenaten himself .
NAME OF MOSES:
One reason why this theory has been presented is the name of “Moses” itself. Even though there is a Hebrew form of the name (Moshe), it was Egyptian in origin as in mesu, or mose, which simply meant “son,” or “child” as in Ra-mose (the son of the ancient Egyptian Sun god Ra),Thut-mose, or Thothmose, (the son of Thoth, another Ancient Egyptian God of Wisdom ), etc.
There are also a couple of clues in the Bible indicating that “Moses” may well have been a Hebrew or an Outcaste because he belonged to a Bloodline of Incest , as he was a Bloodline of Abraham , who had married his own half sister " Sarah " born to his biological father "Terah " with a different woman , as the Old Testament or the Jewish Torah informs us so . After “Moses” draws water for Jethro’s daughters at the well, they tell their father that “An Egyptian delivered us out of the hand of the shepherds” (Exodus 3:18). And, then, after God tells “Moses” that he has to go back to Egypt and talk to the Hebrews, “Moses” told God that he couldn’t talk very well (Exodus 3:10). A lot of people have taken that passage to mean that “Moses” couldn’t speak Hebrew very well for the simple fact that he was Egyptian. (Admittedly, however, both of these passages could be explained away, if one takes the book of exodus at face value, by saying that if “Moses” were a Hebrew raised in Pharaoh's palace he would naturally speak Egyptian and dress like an Egyptian—and “walk like an Egyptian.”).
However, the primary reason that people have identified Akhenaten with “Moses” is religious. Akhenaten was a monotheist and “Moses” was a monotheist and they both seem to have lived at about the same time in history, therefore they must have been the same person, the reasoning goes, because after all, “Moses” was obviously an Egyptian.
One of the variations of the “Moses” is Akhenaten theory has “Moses” being one of Akhenaten’s priests, or a follower of some sort. This theory, which makes a little common sense and is based on the historical fact that upon Akhenaten’s death there was a counter-revolution where the priests of Amun and their followers obliterated all remnants of Akhenaten’s monotheistic religion. We will check out and see , why this version is corrupted by the Western scholars for a reason , they themselves have revealed secretly ... anyways , lets go further .
This then provided the motive for a surviving priest, or priests, of Akhenaten’s monotheistic religion to seek out anyone--even a “down-trodden” people who might be willing to accept the monotheistic religion in turn for being released from their bondage to the Egyptians, or so the reasoning went.
And, of course, that would necessitate escaping from Egypt, fleeing across the desert and then eventually returning to the “down-trodden” people’s original homeland in the land of Canaan—which “Moses,” of course, was never allowed to enter. (Perhaps because he wasn’t a “true” Egyptian ? Making that his punishment for breaking the tablets makes zero sense because all the people whose “sins” caused him to break the tablets were allowed to enter. So why them, and not “Moses”?)
HYMN TO THE SUN :
Underscoring all of these Akhenaten-related theories is Akhenaten’s religious beliefs, as mentioned above:
“O living Aten, creator of life! . . . . Who makes seed grow in women, who who makes people from sperm; Who feeds the son in his mother’s womb, who soothes him to still his tears. . . . .How many are your deeds, Though hidden from sight, O Sole god beside whom there is none! You made the earth as you wished, you alone. All peoples, herds, and flocks; All upon earth that walk on legs, All on high that fly on wings, the lands of Khor and Kush, the land of Egypt. You set every man in his place, you supply their needs. Everyone has food. His lifetime is counted. Their tongues differ in speech, their characters likewise; Their skins are distinct, for you distinguished the peoples.”
(Portions taken from the great hymn to the Aten, in the tomb of Ay; Lichtheim, Miriam, Ancient Egyptian Literature, vol. II: The New Kingdom, 1976, pp. 96-99)
THE SOLE GOD:
The hymn to the Aten was composed by the Pharaoh Akhenaten or another family member acting on his behalf in the 15th century B.C.E (or the 14th century if you follow the traditional chronology), and the obvious references to a “Sole God” indicate a pure monotheism. This hymn, and the references in it, is what has made some people think that the early Hebrews must have gotten their monotheism either directly from Akhenaten, or from one of his followers. After all, the reasoning goes, everybody knows that the “Jews” were “slaves” in Egypt during the time of Akhenaten so how could they not have been influenced by his religion.
SORRY, JEWS IN EGYPT IS A REALITY:
One of the more important issues we have to investigate is the status of the “Jews”/Hebrews" during that period of history, as well as examine the dates of the so-called “Exodus.” In the first place the term “Jew” is entirely erroneous in this context. There were no “Jews” at this time in history. The word “Jew” is an English mangling of the term “Yahud” which was the name of a tribe of Semites that came up out of Arabia and joined the Israelite confederation long after the time of the “Exodus.”
The tribe of Yahud or Yahudi ( as the Indian Texts would further confirm ) then adopted much of the mythology and history of the other Israelite tribes they were in confederation with at the time of the Davidic ( Tamil/Dravidian as noted in Southern Indian Vedic Texts. Tamil as a language is much older than the Aryan version of Sanskrit for those , who have never read the Vedas in he first place ) monarchy (c. 1000 B.C.E). When Israeli Prime Minister Menahem Begin famously said to Egyptian President Anwar Sadat that the Jewish people built the pyramids when they were slaves in Egypt the entire academic world erupted in laughter. The pyramids were built 500 years or much much prior to the arrival of even the Canaanite Hyksos, and over 1500 years before the term Yahud / Yahudi (“Jew”) was applied to a tribe of people. In other words, the pyramids were built 1500 years before there were any “Jews” anywhere in the world. The pyramids were also built by free peasants during the agricultural off-season, not slaves.
It is probably even incorrect to speak of “Israelites” during the time of the sojourn in Egypt since the term was not used to denote a particular people until the 13th century B.C.E, again, long after the exodus. However, the antecedents of some of the tribes that were to become a part of the historical Israelite confederation may well have spent some time in Egypt prior to the time of the so-called “exodus.” It is true that the Ebla tablets give us the name “Yishra’-El” at 2500 B.C.E, it was a tribal name. The use as this tribal name came much, much later to denote a Bloodline of Abraham, whose Marriage to his own Half Sister " Sarah " would later will have its own progeny Bloodline , a Bloodline caused out of utter Incest , between Abraham ( Son of Terah , as the Old Testament or Jewish Torah reveals ) and Sarah ( A Daughter born to his Abraham's Father Terah with another Woman , as revealed by the Old Testament or Jewish Torah itself ) .
Egyptian history tells us that Semites from west Asia (i.e. Canaan) invaded Egypt around 2,000 B.C.E, eventually took over most of the country even ruling it as Pharaohs, until they were finally kicked out by the native Egyptians around 1600 B.C.E This jells reasonably well with the Biblical accounts which claim that the ancestors of the tribes of Israel so-journed some 430 years in Egypt (Exodus 12:40). Of course, most of them were not enslaved since they were the ones doing the enslaving—at least until the end of that time period. Initially these Semitic tribes settled in the deserts just east of the Nile Delta and as Egyptian power weakened they gradually assumed control over the entire Delta region and then expanded their influence northwards.
By the Egyptians they were called hikau-khoswet which translates out to “Desert Princes” (Clayton, Peter A., Chronicle of the Pharaohs, 1994, p. 93). Modern history books corrupt the Egyptian term into “Hyksos.” Initially most of these Semites may well have been taken as slaves because Semitic names do appear in the lists of household servants among wealthy Egyptians beginning in 2200 B.C.E, or even earlier. But that trickle became a flood by 2000 B.C.E (1800 B.C.E in the old chronology) possibly due to famine conditions in central and western Asia and this Bloodline became almost nothing else , but Only Slaves , which should explain us , why the 3 Abrahamic religions are so fearful of oppression even today and have become violent by its own origins in ancient history.
The time period of 2200-2000 B.C.E corresponds with the collapse of the Sumerian/Akkadian civilization in Mesopotamia and the mass movements of huge tribal entities all across Southern Asia and even into Western Europe. This was the time when Indo-European speaking peoples moved into Greece, Italy, and Iberia in Southern Europe; and in the Middle East they pushed into Anatolia and Mesopotamia. As these Indo-European tribes pushed into the fertile crescent from the steppes it forced other tribes to move south touching off a chain reaction. At the bottom of the chain were the West Semitic speaking tribes of Canaan, many of whom were thus forced to find new grazing lands for their flocks.
CAPITAL OF THE SEMITES:
However, as the power and the number of the Semites/Hyksos grew and Egyptian power waned, the Semites ( Biblical Hebrews ) grew ever bolder and they sacked Memphis around 1900 B.C.E (1720 B.C.E according to the old chronology). The capital of these Semitic rulers was at a place called hat-waret or “house of those who come down,” in Egyptian (i.e. those who came to Egypt from another country), which later Greek writers mangled to “Avaris,” the name by which it is called in all of our history books today.
The 14th, 15th, and 16th dynasties of Egypt all ruled from the Semitic capital of “Avaris” and carried Semitic names, or hyphenated Semitic-Egytpian names such as “Sheshi,” “Ya’qub-Hor,” “Anat-hor,” “Ya’qub ‘Aam,” and “Habibi” (spelled Apepi in history books). The tide turned sharpely against the Semites around 1750 B.C.E (1570 according to the old chronology) when Ahmose I, a native Egyptian prince came to the throne in Thebes beginning a new dynasty and a new period of greatness for Egypt. This indicates to us that , the Bloodline of Abraham , was always a Bloodline of contention for the ancient Egyptians . As already revealed by the Old Testament , in the story of Abraham and Sarah's incestous relationship , but the Testaments would reveal even more , which I shall reveal later in this article .
Under Ahmose the Egyptians were able to regain most of the country pushing the Semites back into their strongholds in the eastern Delta. During these times, obviously a lot of Semites/Hebrews would have been taken captive and sold as slaves. So, there is some truth after all to the Biblical contention that their ancestors were slaves in Egypt, but to imply that they were “afflicted” and “oppressed” for the full 430 years ? , we will find out the truth .
EARLY HEBREW RELIGION ?
But what was the religion of these Semities (some of whom may have been “Hebrews”) that ruled from the Delta? “They chose as their pre-eminent deity a god of the desert wastes, Seth. They also introduced other foreign gods and goddesses from their Eastern homelands, such as the mother-goddess, Astarte ( Goddess Tara as mentioned in the Vedic texts ) , and the storm and war god, Reshep ( Lord Rishabh or Lord Rudra or Lord Shiva as found in the Vedas . The Lord of the Bull ) ”.
SETH VS. OSIRIS :
According to Egyptian mythology, Seth was the brother of their patron deity Ausar ( Remember the Word Asur or Asura in the Vedic texts ? ), or “Osiris,” ( I have already shared who Osiris is in Indian Vedic texts in my earlier blog of " Secret of Rudra : The Osiris of India ) both of whom came originally from Arabia, however it is Seth that came to personify the desert wastes more so than Osiris/Ausar/ Asura who came to personify Egypt. The two brothers fought a vicious battle until Osiris/Ausar/ Asura ( Vedic ) was killed by Seth, then resurrected by his lover Isis ( Ishtar / Tara or later renamed as Kali or Shakti in Indian Vedic literature), Egypt’s original fertility goddess borrowed from the Ancient Harappan / Indus Valley Civilization . ( We need to remember that the Great Sphinx of Egypt is Facing Straight at 90 degrees towards Mt.Kailash , The Abode of Rudra ). This myth may well represent an early, pre-historic wave of immigrant conquerors coming out into Arabia to mix with the native Egyptians resulting in a new culture that was to become the Egypt of the Pyramid age. There is linguistic, as well as mythological evidence for this. However, it certainly seems to be re-enacted with the Hebrew/Hyksos invasion/conquest of 2000-1600 B.C.E
The worship of Seth and the gods of Canaan also prove that these proto “Hebrews” had not yet evolved their monotheism. This certainly seems to lend huge support to the thesis that they got their monotheism from either Akhenaten, or one of his followers.
Note : The following Part is copyrighted portions from Ahmed Osman's Published Book " Out of Egypt, The Roots of Christianity Revealed " .
The Bible and the Quran speak of Moses being born in Egypt, brought up in the pharaonic royal palace, and leading the Israelites in their Exodus to Canaan. In historical terms, when did Moses live, and who was the pharaoh of Oppression? Now that archaeologists have been able to uncover the mysteries of ancient history, we need to find answers to these questions. Egyptian born Ahmed Osman, believes that he has been able to find the answers for these questions which bewildered scholars for centuries. He claims that Moses of the Bible is no other than King Akhenaten who ruled Egypt for 17 years in the mid-14th century BCE.
During his reign, the Pharaoh Akhenaten was able to abolish the complex pantheon of the ancient Egyptian religion and replace it with a single God, Aten, who had no image or form. Seizing on the striking similarities between the religious vision of Akhenaten and the teachings of Moses, Sigmund Freud was the first to argue that Moses was in fact an Egyptian. Now Ahmed Osman, using recent archaeological discoveries and historical documents, contends that Akhenaten and Moses were one and the same person.
In a stunning retelling of the Exodus story, Osman details the events of Moses/Akhenaten’s life: how he was brought up by Israelite relatives, ruled Egypt for seventeen years, angered many of his subjects by replacing the traditional Egyptian pantheon with worship of Aten, and was forced to abdicate the throne. Retreating to exile in Sinai with his Egyptian and Israelite supporters, he died out of the sight of his followers, presumably at the hands of Seti I, after an unsuccessful attempt to regain his throne.
Osman reveals the Egyptian components in the monotheism preached by Moses as well as his use of Egyptian royal and Egyptian religious expression. He shows that even the Ten Commandments betray the direct influence of Spell 125 in the Egyptian Book of the Dead. Osman’s book, Moses and Akhenaten provides a radical challenge to the long-standing beliefs concerning the origin of Semitic religion and the puzzle of Akhenaten’s deviation from ancient Egyptian tradition. In fact, if Osman’s contentions are right, many major Old Testament figures would be of Egyptian origin.
Akhenaten is the most mysterious and most interesting of all ancient Egyptian pharaohs. He created a revolution in religion, philosophy and art, which resulted in the introduction of the first monotheistic form of worship known in history. Sigmund Freud, father of psychoanalysis, was the first to suggest a connection between Moses and Akhenaten. In his last book Moses and Monotheism, published in 1939, Freud argued that biblical Moses was an official in the court of Akhenaten, and an adherent of the Aten religion. After the death of Akhenaten, Freud’s theory goes, Moses selected the Israelite tribe living east of the Nile Delta to be his chosen people, took them out of Egypt at the time of the Exodus, and passed on to them the tenets of Akhenaten’s religion.
When modern archaeologists came across the strangely-drawn figure of Akhenaten in the ruins of Tell el-Amarna, in the middle of the 19th century, they were not sure what to make of him. Some thought he was a woman disguised as a king. By the early years of the 20th century when the city of Amarna had been excavated and more became known about him and his family, Akhenaten became a focus of interest for Egyptologists, who saw him as a visionary humanitarian as well as the first monotheist.
In my attempt to pursue Freud’s theory through the examination of recent archaeological findings, I came to the conclusion that Moses was Akhenaten himself. The son of Amenhotep III and Queen Tiye, daughter of his minister Yuya whom I had identified as Joseph the patriarch, he had an Egyptian father and an Israelite mother. Yuya, whom I have identified as patriarch Joseph of the Bible, was appointed by Tuthmosis IV to be the Master of the King’s Horses and Deputy of the Royal Chariotry. On coming to the throne, Amenhotep III married his sister Sitamun, who was just a child of three years at the time, according to Egyptian customs. However, in his Year 2 Amenhotep decided to marry Tiye, the girl whom he loved and made her, rather than Sitamun, his Great Royal Wife (queen). As a wedding present, Amenhotep presented Tiye with the frontier fortress of Zarw (in the area of modern Kantara in north Sinai) the capital of the Land of Goshen, mentioned by the Bible as the area where the Israelites dwell in Egypt, where he built a summer palace for her. According to Egyptian customs the king could marry as many women as he desires, however, the queen whose children will follow him on the throne, must be his sister the heiress. To commemorate his marriage with Tiye, the king issued a large scarab and sent copies of it to foreign kings and princes.
The Birth of Moses
Akhenaten was born in Year 12 of his father Amenhotep III, 1394 BCE, in the summer royal palace in the border city of Zarw in northern Sinai. Zarw, modern Kantara East, was the centre of the land of Goshen where the Israelites dwelt, and in the same location where Moses was born. Contrary to the biblical account, Moses was born inside the royal palace. His mother Queen Tiye had an elder son, Tuthmosis, who died a short time before Akhenaten’s birth. Tuthmosis had been educated and trained at the royal residence in Memphis, before he mysteriously disappeared, believed to have been kidnapped and assassinated by the Amun priests. Fearing for his safety, his mother Tiye sent him by water to the safekeeping of her father’s Israelite family outside the walls of Zarw, which was the origin of the baby-in-the-bulrushes story.
The reason for the priests’ hostility to the young prince was the fact that Tiye, his mother, was not the legitimate heiress to the throne. She couldn’t therefore be accepted as a consort for the state god Amun. If Tiye’s son acceded to the throne, this would be regarded as forming a new dynasty of non-Amunite kings over Egypt. During his early years, his mother kept Akhenaten away from both royal residences at Memphis and Thebes. He spent his childhood at the border city of Zarw, nursed by the wife of the queen’s younger brother General Aye. Later, Akhenaten was moved to Heliopolis, north of Cairo, to receive his education under the supervision of Anen the priest of Ra, who was the elder brother of Queen Tiye.
Young Akhenaten appeared at the capital city Thebes, for the first time, when he reached the age of sixteen. There he met with Nefertiti, his half sister daughter of Sitamun, for the first time and fell in love with her. Tiye, his mother, encouraged this relationship realizing that his marriage to Nefertiti, the heiress, is the only way he can gain the right to follow his father on the throne.
Following Akhenaten's marriage to Nerfertiti, Amenhotep decided to make Akenaten his co-regent, which upset the priests of Amun. The conflict between Amhenhotep and the priests had started sixteen years earlier, as a result of his marriage to Tiye, daughter of Yuya and Tuya. On his accession to the throne as co-regent, Akhenaten took the name of Amenhotep IV. At Thebes, during the early years of his co-regency, Nefertiti was active in supporting her husband and more prominent than Akhenaten in official occasions as well as on all monuments. However, the climate of hostility that surrounded Akhenaten at the time of his birth surfaced again after his appointment as co-regent. The Amun priesthood opposed this appointment, and openly challenged Amenhotep III’s decision.
When the Amun priests objected to his appointment, Akhenaten responded by building temples to his new God, Aten. He built three temples for Aten one at the back end of the Karnak complex and the other at Luxor near the Nile bank and the third at Memphis. Akhenaten snubbed the Aumn priests by not inviting them to any of the festivities in the early part of his co-regency and, in his fourth year when he celebrated his sed festival jubilee, he banned all deities but his own God from the occasion. Twelve months later he made a further break with tradition by changing his name to Akhenaten in honour of his new deity. To the resentful Egyptian establishment Aten was seen as a challenger who would replace the powerful State god Amun and not come under his domination. In the tense climate that prevailed, Tiye arranged a compromise by persuading her son to leave Thebes and establish a new capital at Amarna in Middle Egypt, on the east bank of the Nile, some two hundred miles to the north of Thebes.
A New City for Aten
The situation calmed down, following Akhenaten’s departure while Amenhotep ruled alone in Thebes. For building his new city at Amarna Akhenaten chose a land that belonged to no god or goddess. The building started in his Year 4 and ended in Year 8, however he and his family moved from Thebes to Amarna in Year 6. A fine city it was. At this point the cliffs of the high desert recede from the river, leaving a great semi-circle about eight miles long and three miles broad. The clean yellow sand slope gently down to the river. Here Akhenaten built his new capital, Akhetaten, the Horizon of Aten, where he and his followers could be free to worship their God. Huge boundary stelae, marking the limits of the city and recording the story of its foundation, were carved in the surrounding cliffs. Akhenaten's capital city possessed of both dignity and architectural harmony. Its main streets ran parallel to the Nile with the most important of them, the King’s Way, connecting the city’s most prominent buildings, including the King’s House where Akhenaten and his family lived their private family life. To the south of the house was the king’s private Temple to Aten. The Great Temple of Aten, a huge building constructed on an east-west axis, lay less than a quarter of a mile to the north along the King’s Way. It was entered through a pylon from the highway and a second entrance gave access to a hypostyle hall called the House of Rejoice of Aten. The house of the high priest Pa-Nehesy lay outside the enclosure’s south-east corner.
Akhenaten gave tombs, gouged out of the face of the cliffs surrounding his city, to those officials who had rallied to him. In the reliefs which the nobles carved for themselves in these tombs – showing Akhenaten with his queen and family dispensing honours and largesse, worshipping in the temple, driving in his chariot, dining and drinking – Nefertiti is depicted as having equal stature with the king and her names are enclosed in a cartouche.
Aten was represented by a disc at the top of royal scenes extended its rays towards the king and queen, and the rays end in their hands, holding the Ankh, the Egyptian cross symbol of eternal life, to the noses of the king and queen, a privilege which only they enjoy. Akhenaten conceived of a single controlling intelligence, behind and above all beings including the gods. The king and queen were the major figures in the cult of Aten, whose festivals they celebrated with the local people with music, chanting, offering of fruits and flowers, and rituals in the open air.
Following the death of his father, Amenhotep III, he organized a great celebration at Amarna in his Year 12, for foreign princes bearing tribute because of his assumption of sole rule. Akhenaten and Nefertiti appeared on window of appearance to receive the tribute of foreign missions coming from Syria, Palestine, Nubia and the Mediterranean islands, who offered him their presents. A military unit of Shasu from the Bedouins of Sinai, guarded the royal procession. It was then that the king decided to abolish the worship of all gods in Egypt, except Aten.
Akhenaten gave orders to his troops instructing them to close all the temples, confiscate its estates, and sack the priests, leaving only Aten’s temples throughout the country. Units were dispatched to excise the names of the ancient gods wherever they were found written or engraved, a course that can only have created mounting new opposition to his already rejected authority. This persecution, which entailed the closing of the temples, confiscating its property, the dispatch of artisans who entered everywhere to hack out the names of the deities from inscriptions, the banishment of the clergy, the excommunication of Amun’s name, was supervised by the army. Each time a squad of workmen entered a temple or tomb to destroy the name of Amun, it was supported by a squad of soldiers who came to see that the royal decree was carried out without opposition.
The military garrison at Amarna had detachments of Sinai Bedouins and foreign auxiliaries, in addition of Egyptian units. The loyalty of the army to Akhenaten was assured by the person of its commander Aye, brother of the king’s mother who held posts among the highest in the infantry and chariotry, posts held by Yuya his father.
The persecution of the old gods, however, proved to be hateful to the majority of Egyptians, including members of the army. Ultimately the harshness of the persecution had a certain reaction upon the soldiers who, themselves, had been raised in the old beliefs, and rather than risk a wholesale defection and perhaps even a civil war. After all, the officers and soldiers themselves believed in the same gods whose images the king ordered them to destroy, they worshipped in the very temples which they were ordered to close. A conflict arose between the king and his army. Akhenaten’s belief in one God, however, was too deep for him to allow any compromise with the priests. Horemheb, Pa-Ramses and Seti, planned a military coup against the king, and ordered their troops from the north and south to move towards Amarna. Aye, who received news of the troops’ movements, brought his chariots to guard Amarna. When the army and chariots came face to face at Amarna’s borders, Aye advised the king to abdicate the throne to his son Tutankhaten, in order to save the dynasty. Akhenaten agreed to abdicate and left Amarna with Pa-Nehesy, the high priest of Aten, and few of his followers to live in exile in area of Sarabit El-Khadem in southern Sinai.
Back From Exile
On hearing about Horemheb’s death, Akhenaten decided to leave his exile in Sinai and come back to Egypt, in order to reclaim his throne. Since his abdication, he had been living in exile in southern Sinai, with few of his followers, for about twenty five years, during the reigns of Tutankhamun, Aye, and Horemheb. Here, Akhenaten lived among the Shasu (Midianites) Bedouins with whom he formed an alliance.
In his rough Bedouin cloths, Akhenaten arrived at Pa-Ramses’ residence in the border city of Zarw, his birthplace that has turned to a prison for his followers. General Pa-Ramses, by now an old man, was making arrangements for his coronation, and getting ready to become the first ruler of a new 19th Ramesside dynasty, when he was informed of Akhenaten’s arrival. Akhenaten challenged Pa-Ramses’ right to the throne. The general, taken by surprise, decided to call a meeting of the wise men of Egypt to decide between them. At the gathering Akhenaten produced his scepter of royal power, which he had taken with him to exile, and performed some secret rituals, which only the king had the knowledge of. Once they saw the scepter of royal authority and Akhenaten’s performance of the rituals, the wise men fell down in adoration in front of him, and declared him to be the legitimate king of Egypt. Ramses, however, who was in control of the army, refused to accept the wise men’s verdict and decided to establish his rule by force.
When Akhenaten realized that his life was threatened by Ramses, he escaped from Zarw with some of his followers during the night, and rejoined his Shasu allies in Sinai. However, he refused to accept defeat and decided to carry on challenging Ramses’ right to rule Egypt. Akhenaten gathered his Shasu allies in Sinai, and decided to cross the borders of Egypt into Canaan, where he could establish his rule in foreign parts of the Egyptian empire, in order to prepare an army to allow him to return and challenge Ramses. When Ramses got knowledge of Akhenaten’s plan, he decided to go out at the head of his army and crush the Bedouin power before they crosses the borders to Canaan. Ramses, however, died at this moment and was followed by his son Seti I.
Seti left the body of his father for the priests to mummify, and went out to chase Akhenaten and his Shasu followers in northern Sinai. After setting out on the route between the fortified city of Zarw and Gaza and passing the fortified water stations, pushing along the road in the Negeb the king scatters the Shasu, who from time to time gather in sufficient numbers to meet him. A military confrontation took place in the very first days of Seti I, on the route between Zarw and Gaza in Canaan. Just across the Egyptian border he arrived at the fortified town of Pe-Kanan, (Gaza), and stopped the Shasu entering it. Seti met Akhenaten in a face to face battle on top of a mountain, and was able to damage his eye before he killed him and left his body unburied on the mount. This confrontation which resulted in Akhenaten’s death, later became part of a new version of the Osiris-Horus myth where a confrontation took place between Horus and Set. Although the myth says that Horus won the battle, it was Seth who killed Horus.
NOW ONE OF THE QUESTIONS WHICH BIBLICAL SCHOLARS PUT AGAINST THIS ENTIRE THEORY TO PROVE THAT " PHARAOH AKHENATEN WAS NOT MOSES " .
QUESTION : " Pharaoh Akhenaten is always depicted as a deformed man , how could such a man carry out an ardous task of taking his tribe through the deserts of Egypt for 40 Years ? "
MY ANSWER : The Old Testament or Torah reveals that Moses , was the son of Amram and Jochebed . Jochebed was the daughter of Levi and the Blood Sister of Kohath ( also Kehath ) . Amram was the Son of Kohath ( Kehath ) . And hence , Jochebed was the Paternal Aunt of Amram ( The Father of Moses / Akhenaten ) . Amram married his own Paternal Aunt and it was one of the instances of Incest ( I quote just one of the instances of Incest from the Old Testament . If You read the Old Testament , 20% of the Book is actually about incest only including the STORY OF LOT AND HIS OWN TWO BIOLOGICAL DAUGHTERS , WHOM HE GOT HIMSELF PREGNANT , anyways ) . Moses or our Akhenaten was a Product of Incest and hence , any student of Science would anyway know , Why Pharaoh Akhenaten is depicted as a deformed man in ancient Egyptian sculptures . Further , His Son , Tutankh-Aten or Tutankhaten , whose actual name was TutanKh-Amun or Tutankhamun was also a product of Incest and died at a very young age and even the Boy Prince " Tutankh-Amun " was physically deformed . Tutankhamun had children with his own Biological Sister , Akhensenakhaten , whose original name was changed by her Father Pharaoh Akhenaten from " Akhensen-Amun / Akhensenamun " and gave birth to 2 Still Born babies . Again an episode of Incest only .
The Golden Mask of Tutankhamun might have attracted the Whole World towards its face , but the Truth of the Face Behind is nothing more of a Story of Incest , that cannot hide !!!